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Biomolecules enzymes

Study guide for biomolecules enzyme cell test

TermDefinition
Enzyme A molecule made of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering the activation energy
Lock and key model A term used to show that enzymes are specific for a particular substrate
Denatured When a protein or enzyme is destroyed by heat or high ph and doesn't function anymore because the shape of the activation site has changed
Activation site The place of the enzyme where the substrate binds to the enzyme it is specific for each substrate
Catalyst Anything that speeds up a chemical reaction
Biology The study of life
Amino acids Monomers of proteins, made up of C,H,O, and N
Organic Containing carbon
Monosaccharides monomers of carbohydrates made up of C, H, O
Nucleotide monomers of Nucleic acids ex DNA made up of a phosphate a nitrogen base and a 5 carbon sugar
Carbohydrates Organic molecule used to give us immediate energy also make up cell walls of plants made up of C, H, O
Lipids Used in the body as a long term storage molecule of energy and for insulation. Also present in cell membranes, made up of C, H, O
Nucleic acids Molecules in our body that store genetic information such as DNA and RNA made up of phosphate, 5 carbon sugar, nitrogen base, contain C H O N P
Peptide bonds bonds that hold amino acids together to make proteins
polymer very large molecule such as starch and proteins
homeostatsis an organisms ability to adjust to small changes in the environment and stay alive. ex sweating when it gets hot.
Created by: TeresaGentry