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What is the shaking of the Earth's crust? Earthquake
What is the deepest layer of the Earth? Core
What is the thickest layer, made of solid and melted rock? Mantle
What is the point on Earth's surface right above the focus of an earthquake? Epicenter
What is the layer of Earth that includes land and the ocean floor? Crust
What are the continent-sized slabs that make up the crust and the upper mantle? Plates
What is a break in the Earth's crust along which rocks move? Fault
What is the instrument that records earthquake waves? Seismograph
What is the underground point where an earthquake first starts? Focus
What is the Earth's hottest layer? Inner core
On which layer do the plates move very slowly across Earth's surface? Melted mantle
Name three ways that scientists can measure earthquakes. Richter Scale, Mercalli Scale & Seismograph
What state has a large fault running through it? California
Some volcanoes can form new ________________. Ocean floor
Volcanic mountains are formed by different types of _________________. Eruptions
What is the outermost layer of the Earth? Crust
What is the tube in a volcano that carries hot metlted rock to the surface? Vent
What is the melted rock that reaches the Earth's surface? Lava
What are the three layers of the Earth Crust, mantle, and Core
What metals are the core made of up of? Iron and nickel
How many ways can plates move? 3
What forms when plates collide or run into each other? Mountains or volcanoes
What can occur when plates slide past each other? Earthquake
What is the name of the fault that runs through California? San Andreas Fault
What are the different types of volcanoes? Shield, Cinder-Cone, and Composite
What type of lava does a shield volcano produce? Runny
What state is Crater Lake in? Oregon
How was Crater Lake formed? The top of a volcano fell in on itself.
Created by: jill.wehlander