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ch 3 vocab

Stack #146312

QuestionAnswer
block grants These are broad state grants to states for prescribed activities—welfare
categorical grants Congress appropriates funds for a specific purpose
city A municipal corporation or municipality that has been characterized by a state to exercise certain defined powers and provide certain specific services.
conditions of aid Federal rules attached to the grants that states receive. States must agree to abide by these rules in order to receive the grants.
confederation of confederal system A political system in which states or regional governments retain ultimate authority except for those powers that they expressly delegate to a central government.
counties The largest territorial unit between a city and a town.
dillon's rule A legal principle that holds that the terms of city charters are to be interpreted narrowly. Under this rule
devolution The current effort to scale back the size and activities of the national government and to shift responsibility for a wide range of domestic programs from Washington DC to the states.
dual federalism Views the Constitution as giving a limited list of powers—primarily foreign policy and national defense—to the national government
federalism Constitutional arrangement in which power is distributed between a central government and subdivisional governments
federal regime A political system in which local units of government have a specially protected existence and can make final decisions over some governmental activites.
federal system A system in which sovereignty is shared so that on some matters the national government is supreme and on others the state
general-act charter A charter that applies to a number of cities that fall within a certain classification
grants-in-aid Federal funds provided to states and localities. These are typically provided for airports
home-rule charter A charter that allows the city government to do anything that is not prohibited by the charter or by state law.
initiative A procedure allowing voters to submit a proposed law to a popular vote by obtaining a required number of signatures.
mandates Rules imposed by the federal government on the states as conditions for obtaining federal grants or requirements that the states pay the costs of certain nationally defined programs.
municipal corporation or municipality A legal term for a city. It is characterd by the state to exercise certain powers and provide certain services.
"necessary ad proper" clause Clause of the Constitution (Article 1
nullification A theory first advanced by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson that the states had the right to declare a federal law null and void. The theory was revived by John C. Calhoun of South Carolina in opposition to federal efforts to restrict slavery.
ordinances A law passed and enforced by a city government
police power The powerof a state to promote health
recall Procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of officials from office before the end of their term.
referendum Procedure for submitting to popular vote measures passed by the legislature or proposed amendments to a state constitution.
revenue sharing A law providing for the distribution of a fixed amount or share of federal tax revenues to the states for spending on almost any government purpose. Destribution was intended to send more money to poorer
school districts A special-district government responsible for administering public schools
second-order devolution The flow of power and responsibilty from states to local governments.
sovereingty A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
special-act charter A charter that denies the powers of a certain named dity and lists what the city can and cannot do.
special-district governments or authorities A local or regional government with responsibility for some single function such as administering schools
third-order devolution The use of nongovernmental organizations to implement public policy.
unitary system Constitutional arrangement that concentrates power in a central government.
Created by: shaughton