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Chapter 13

Health Promotion of the Preschooler and Family

can ride a tricycle, walk on tiptoe, balance on one foot for a few seconds, and do broad jumps by age 3
can skip and hop on one foot and catch a ball reliably by age 4
can skip and alternate feet and jump rope and begin to skate and swim by age 5
developing a sense of initiative (Erikson) preschool period; kid are in a stage of energetic learning; development of the superego, or conscience, begins toward the end of the toddler years and is a major task for preschoolers; learning right from wrong & good from bad is the beginning of morality
preoperational phase (Piaget) one of the main transitions during this phase is the shift from totally egocentric though to social awareness
preconventional or premoral level (Kohlberg) kids 4-7 years are in the stage of naive intrumental orientation in which actions are directed toward satisfying their needs and less frequently the needs of others; they have a concrete sense of justice and fairness during this period
most children are aware of their gender by 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 years
vocabulary increases from 300 words at age 2 to more that 2100 words at the end of 5 years
telegraphic kids between 3 & 4 yrs form sentences of about three to four words and include only the most essential words
can use all parts of speech correctly by age 6; except for deviations from the rule; they can define simple things by describing their use, shape, or general category of classification, rather than simply describing their outward appearance
preschoolers enjoy ? type of play associative play
the appearance of imaginary companions appear at?
masturbation is most common when? at age 4 and adolescents
animism ascribing lifelike qualities ti inanimate objects, helps explain why kids fear objects
most critical period for speech development occurs between 2 and 4 yrs
dyslalia kids pressured into producing sounds ahead of their developmental level may develop articulation problems or revert to using infant speech
nightmares frightening dreams that are followed by full arousal
sleep terrors partial arousal from deep, nondreaming sleep
Created by: Tdmara86