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Eilidh

Higher Revision Unit 1

QuestionAnswer
What is the function of mRNA carries the genetic code from nucleus to ribosome
What is the function of the ribosome Site of protein Synthesis
What is the function of tRNA Transports amino acids to the ribosome
What is a codon 3 bases on mRNA that codes for a specific amino acid
Where would you find an anti-codon On tRNA
What are the 3 stages of Aerobic Respiration Glycolysis Kreb's Cycle Cytochrome System
What are the 2 stages of Photosynthesis Photolysis Calvin's Cycle
Where does Glycolysis take place Cytoplasm
Where does Kreb's cycle take place Matrix of Mitochondrion
Where does Cytochrome System take place Cristae of Mitochondrion
What are the "raw materials" for photosynthesis Carbon Dioxide and Water
What are the "raw materials" for aerobic respiration Glucose and Oxygen
What is the name of the hyrogen carrier in Photosythesis NADP
Where does Photolysis take place Granum of Chloroplast
Where does Calvin's cycle take place Stroma of Chlroplast
What 4 things does a virus require from its host cell to reproduce DNA Nucleotides, ATP, Enzymes, Amino Acids
What are the stages in Viral replication (bacteriophage) Attachment Penetration Insertion of Viral DNA Take over host cell Biochemistry Viral DNA replication Viral Protein Synthesis Assembly Escape
What is the definition of phagocytosis Cell eating
Do lymphocytes perform Phagocytosis No
Do macrophages produce Antibodies No
Do lymphocytes produce Antibodies Yes
Do macrophages perform Phagocytosis Yes
Name 4 Photosynthetic Pigments Chlorophyl A, Chlorophyl B, Xanthophyl Carotene
What is ATP made from ADP + Pi
How many ATP are produced from the complete breakdown of 1 glucose molecule 38 ATP
What are the 2 useful products of Photolysis Hydrogen (attached to carrier) and ATP
What is the waste product of Photolysis Oxygen
What 4 things are required for DNA Replication DNA template DNA Nucleotides ATP Enzymes
What base is present in DNA but absent in RNA Thymine
Why is DNA replication said to be "semi-conservative" because each daughter DNA molecule contains one strand of the original DNA molecule
What is the function of Lysosome Contains powerful digestive enzymes used to digest phagocytosed material
What are the 3 products of Anaerobic respiration in Yeast and Plant cells Ethanol and Carbon dioxide ATP
What are the 2 Products of Anaerobic respiration in animal cells Lactic Acid and ATP
What is Photo-phosphorylation The name for ATP production in Photolysis
What is Oxidative Phosphorylation The name for ATP production in Aerobic respiration
What is the function of Golgi apparatus Packages and Prepares Proteins for excretion
What is transcription DNA to mRNA
What is translation mRNA to protein
Where does transcription take place Nucleus
Where does translation take place Cytoplasm (ribosome)
What is the name of the 6 carbon compound formed in Kreb's cycle. Citric Acid
What do you call something that triggers the production of antibodies? Antigen
What is the name of the stage of protein synthesis that takes place at the ribosome? Translation
What is the name of the stage of protein synthesis that takes place in the nucleus? Transcription
What is a DNA nucleotide A building block of DNA
What is an RNA nucleotide A building block of RNA
How is information stored in or coded in DNA In its sequence of bases
How is information stored in or coded in mRNA In its sequence of bases
Created by: nscobie