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Oncology

Breast Cancer

TermDefinition
Most common malignancy in women in U.S. (1 in 8 women will develop this cancer) Breast cancer (Mosbys pg. 167)
Most common location of breast cancer Upper outer quadrant (Mosbys pg. 168)
Most common involved lymph nodes with breast cancer Axillary nodes (W/L pg. 877)
Involvement of lymph nodes in a higher level (level II or III) with no involvement of lower level (level I) nodes Skip metastasis (W/L pg. 878)
Special considerations with supraclavicular field in breast patients Angled 10 to 15 degrees mediolaterally to avoid spinal cord and esophagus (W/L pg. 891)
Network of nerves supplying upper extremities, originating between C5/T1 and extends downward over first rib, behind middle of clavicle, and into axilla Brachial plexus (W/L pg. 891)
Skin reaction involving loss of superficial and deep epidermal layers that occurs with skin doses exceeding 5000 cGy Moist desquamation (W/L pg. 890)
Treatment field used when patients have four or more positive axillary nodes, greater than 2.5 cm nodes, fixed nodes, extranodal extension, or inadequately dissected axilla Posterior Axillary Boost field (V/D pg. 83)
Gynecomastia Enlargement of breasts in men
Klinefelter’s syndrome Males with XXY chromosomes
Most common invasive breast cancer Infiltrating ductal carcinoma (W/L pg. 875)
Most common sites of distant metastasis with breast cancer Bone, lung, brain, liver (W/L pg. 874)
Created by: cb4945