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pharmacology drugs

NameReceptorUsed in
Acetylcholine (ACh) muscarinic and nicotinic agonist. neurotransmitter
Adrenaline non-selective adrenoreceptor agonist. cardiac arrest anaphylaxis (allergic rxn)
Atropine non-selective muscarinic agonist premedication before surgery bardycardia (low BPM) GI spasms anticholinesterase poisoning
Bethanecol non-selective muscarinic agonist urinary retension constipation -relaxes muscles
Botox exocytosis blocker selective cholinergic uptake hyperhydrosis (increased sweating/perspiration) muscle spasm
Butoxamine β2-adrenoceptor antagonist experimental pharmacology
Carbachol (synthetic) muscarinic and nicotinic agonist relaxes smooth muscle eye/ophthalmic purposes like glaucoma
Carbidopa inhibitor of DOPA decarboxylase Parkinsons
Clonidine partial α2-adrenoceptor agonist hypertension (high BP)
Darifenacin M3-selective muscarinic antagonist reduce urinary frequency
Diclyomine non-selective muscarinic antagonist irritable bowel syndrome
Distigmine medium duration anticholinesterase inhibits breakdown of ACh in synapse, so prolongs it's effecs on the postsynaptic receptors
Dobutamine β1-adrenoceptor agonist cardiogenic shock cardiac surgery
Ecothiopate irreversible anticholinesterase glaucoma (eye drops - reduce intraocular pressure within eye)
Ephedrine indirectly acting sympathomimetic nasal congestion - relaxes airways stimulant - speeds up heart and nervous system
Guanethidine blocks NA realease hypertensive crisis (high BP, impairing 1+ major organ system)
Hemicholinium presynaptic ACh uptake blocker decreases production of ACh - so is an indirect ACh antagonist. No clinical use - but used in research experiments
Hyoscine non-selective muscarinic antagonist premedication before surgery GI spasms motion sickness
Ipratropium non-selective muscarinic antagonist asthma - relaxes airways by inhibiting constriction of smooth muscles
Isoprenaline non-selective β-adrenoceptor agonist shock
Labetalol non-selective α1, β1-2 antagonist hypertension (high BP)
Methyldopa partial α2-adrenoceptor agonist precursor hypertension (high BP) in pregnancy
Muscarine non-selective muscarinic agonist favours rest and digest
Neostigmine medium duration anticholinesterase constipation - contracts GI tract smooth muscles
Nicotine nicotinic AChR agonist
Noradrenaline (NA) non-selective adrenoceptor agonist neurotransmitter
Oxotremorine non-selective muscarinic agonist experimental pharmacology
Phenoxybenzamine irreversible α-adrenoceptor antagonist phaeochromocytoma (tumour at adrenal medulla - extra chromaffin tissue, so more NA/Adrenaline)
Phentolamine α-adrenoceptor antagonist phaeochromocytoma (tumour at adrenal medulla - extra chromaffin tissue, so more NA/Adrenaline)
Phenylephrine α1-adrenoceptor agonist nasal congestion acute hypertension (high BP)
Pilocarpine non-selective muscarinic agonist glaucoma dry eyes mouth
Pirenzepine M1-selective muscarinic antagonist peptic ulcer
Prazosin α1-adrenoceptor antagonist hypertension (high BP) prostatic hyperplasia (enlarged prostate)
Propanolol non-selective β-adrenoceptor antagonist hypertension (high BP) anxiety migraine
Reserpine vesicular monoamine uptake blocker experimental can cause depression/hypotension
Salbutamol β2-adrenoceptor agonist asthma (short term) premature labour
Salmeterol β2-adrenoceptor agonist asthma prophylaxis
Timolol non-selective β-adrenoceptor antagonist hypertension angina migraine glaucoma
Tropicamide non-selective (but M4 prefering) muscarinic antagoninst eye examinations
Tyramine amino acid responsible for cheese reaction
Vesamicol vesicular ACh uptake blocker
Yohimbine α2-adrenoceptor antagonist aphrodisiac?
α-Methyltyrosine inhibitor of tyrosine kinase
Atenolol β1-adrenoceptor antagonist. hypertension (high BP) angina (narrowing of coronal arteries) arrhythima (irregular heart beat)
Created by: 577285053