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Chapter 2

Community-Based Nursing Care of the Child and Family

populations groups of ppl who live in a community and have characteristics in common
target populations/subpopulations more narrowly defined groups (e.g., nonimmunized preschoolers, obese middle schoolers)
community oriented care involves a collaboration of individuals and groups, including health care providers, advocates, government, managed care organizations, businesses, children, and families, w/in a specific community
community health nursing focuses on promoting and maintaining the health of individuals, families, and groups in a community setting
epidemiology the science of population health applied to the detection of morbidity and mortality in a population
morbidity rates used to measure disease and injury and along w/ natality and mortality rates present an objective picture of the health status of a community
incidence measures the occurrence of new events in a population during a time period
prevalence measures existing events in a population during a time period
agent responsible for causing a disease and may be an infectious agent such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a chemical agent such as lead in paint, or a physical agent such as fire
host factors are those that are specific to an individual or group
enviornmental factors provide a setting for the host and include the climate conditions in which host lives and factors related to the home, neighborhood, and school
primary prevention focuses of health promotion and prevention of the disease or injury (e.g., well child care clinics, immunization programs, safety programs)
secondary prevention focuses on screening and early dx of disease (e.g., tuberculosis and lead screening programs)
Created by: Tdmara86