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Chapter 11

TermDefinition
Troposphere The layer closest to Earth's surface.
Stratosphere Layer in which the air temperature mainly increases with altitude and contains the ozone layer.
Mesosphere Layer where the temperature decreases with altitude.
Thermosphere Layer that is extremely low density of air causes the temperature to rise.
Exosphere The Outer layer that can be thout of as the transitional region between Earths atmosphere and outer space.
Radiation The transfer of thermal energy by electromagnetic waves.
Conduction Transfer of thermal energy between two objects when their atoms or molecules collide.
Convection Transfer of thermal energy by the movement of heated material from one place of water.
Temperature Inversion Increase in temperature with height in an atmospheric layer.
Humidity Is the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere at a given location on Earths surface.
Saturation Occurs when the amount of water vapor in a volume of air has reached the maximum amount.
Relative humidity Is expressed as a percentage.
Dew point Temperature to which air must be cooled at constant pressure to reach saturation.
Latent heat Thermal energy contained in water vapor compared to liquid water.
Condensation nucleus Small particle in the atmosphere around which water droplets can form.
Orographic lifting Occurs when an air mass is forced to rise over a topographic barrier.
Cumulus Clouds that are puffy,lumpy-looking that usually occur below 2000 m and 6000 m.
Stratus Layered sheetlike cloud that covers much or all of the sky in a given area.
Cirrus Clouds, often have a wizpy, indistinct appearance.
Coalescence Occurs when cloud droplets collide and join together to form a larger droplet.
Created by: BriannaBrooks