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Genetics Vocabulary

Science vocabulary on genetics

Asexual Reproduction Reproduction from a single parent
Sexual Reproduction Reproduction from two parents
Chromosome Small strands of DNA that contain genes; each male and female contain 23 chromosomes
Dominant An allele which masks the recessive phenotype in reproduction
Recessive An allele that creates a phenotype (eye color, skin color, etc.)
Genes A unit made of DNA in a Chromosome that can determine characteristics of an offspring
Genetics The science of heredity and genes
Trait A dominant characteristic of an offspring
Function A role assigned to an organism to carry out that task
Nucleus The central part of a cell that controls the cell's activities
Heredity The inheritance of characteristics of an offspring from a parent
Structure The "framework" of what an organism is made up of
DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid; the main component in a chromosome that transfers genetic traits to offspring
Offspring Children of one or more parents
Genotype The genetic composition of an organism
Phenotype The physical (outward) appearance of an organism
Created by: m0706114