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Ch 12 Genetics

mitosis cell's nucleus divides into two new nuclei, and one copy of DNA is distributed into each daughter cell
genetics the scientific study of heredity
heredity passing of physical characteristics from parents to offspring
trait each specific characteristic
gene factors that control a trait
allele a different form of a gene
probability how likely an event will occur
Punnett square chart that shows all possible ways alleles can combine in a genetic sequence
phenotype organism's physical appearance or visible trait
genotype organism's genetic makeup or alleles
homozygous trait organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
heterozygous trait organism that has two different alleles for a trait
meiosis the process by which the number of chromosomes is reduced by half as sex cells form
nucleus dense area in a cell that contains nucleic acid
clone an organism that has exactly the same genes as the organism from which it was produced
Created by: angolajones