Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Fluids & Electrolyte

QuestionAnswer
Too much fluid in the body is defined as? Hypervolemia
Causes of Hypervolemia (3)? 1. Heart Failure 2. Renal Failure 3. Too much sodium
Steroid (Mineralcorticoid) that aids in the retention of sodium and wanter? Aldosterone
Aldosterone is a mineralcorticoid that? retains sodium and water
Aldosterone is found in? The adrenal glands
Aldosterone secretion increases when? Blood volume gets low
Diseases with too much Aldosterone? Cushings, Hyperaldosteronism
Diseases with too little Aldosterone? Addison’s Disease
What does ANP do? Where is it found? When is it released? excretes Sodium and water, found in the atria of the heart, when the atria stretch
ADH causes the _______ of water. retention
CVP is measured where? In the right atrium
Normal Values for CVP? 2-6mmhg
Goes into the vascular space and stays there? Isotonic Solutions (NS 0.9%, LR, D5NS)
Do not use isotonic solutions in clients with (3)? Heart failure, hypertention, or renal disease
Goes into the vascular space then shifts out into the cells? Hypotonic Solutions (0.5 % NS)
Solution that is PID (Packing with Particles)? Hypertonic Solutions
Draws fluids out of the cells and into the vascular space? Hypertonic Solutions
Magnesium and Calcium act as? sedatives
Magnesium is excreted through the? Kidneys, although can also be lost in the GI tract
Causes of hypermagnesemia? Renal failure and antacids
Magnesium makes you vasodilate or vasoconstrict? Vasodilate
What is the antidote for magnesium? Calcium Gluconate
What is the normal lab value for magnesium? 1.2-2.1mEq/L
What is the normal lab value for calcium? 9.0-10.5 mg/dl
Major cause of hypercalcemia? Too much PTH (hyperparathyroidism)
Three causes of hypercalcemia? Hyperparathyroidism, thiazides, immobilization
S/S of hypercalcemia? Brittle bones and kidney stones
What can aid in decreasing calcium? phosphorus and steroids
What should you check before, during and after mag IV? kidney function
Chvostek sign? Tap cheek and look for twitching
Trouseseau’s sign? pump blood pressure cuff up and look for hand tremors
Normal sodium level? 135-145 mEq/L
Normal potassium levels? 3.5-5.0 mEq/L
ECG changes with HYPOkalemia? U waves, PVS, and v-tach
Potassium has an inverse relationship with? Sodium
Created by: karenmarie927