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Med Term Mod 1

Chapters 1&2

TermDefinition
algia Pain, painful condition
dys Bad, difficult, or painful
ectomy surgical removal, cutting out
hyper excessive, increased
hypo deficient, decreased
itis inflammation
osis abnormal condition
ostomy surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
otomy cutting, surgical incision
plasty surgical repair
rrhage bleeding, abnormal excessice fluid discharge
rrhaphy surgical suturing
rrhea flow or discharge
rrhexis rupture
sclerosis abnormal hardening
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
leuk/o white
melan/o black
poli/o gray
Physiology the study of the functions of the structures of the body
Anatomic position body standing in the standard position, erect and facing forward, holding arms at the sides with the hands turned so that the palms face toward the front
Midsagittal plane also known as midline divides the body into equal left and right halves
Frontal plane vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior
Transverse plane horizontal plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions
dorsal refers to the back of the organ or body
anterior means situated in the front. also means on the front or forward
posterior means situated in the back
Caudal means toward the lower part of the body
medial means the direction toward or nearer the midline
lateral means the direction toward or nearer the side of the body away from the midline
cranial cavity located within the skull surrounds and protects the brain
spinal cavity located within the spinal column surrounds and protects the spinal cord
ventral cavity located along the front of the body contains the body organs that sustain homeostasis
homeostasis the processes through which the body maintains a constant internal enviroment
thoracic cavity also known as the chest cavity surrounds and protects the heart and lungs
abdominal cavity contains primarily the major organs of digestion
pelvic cavity space formed by the hip bones and contains primarily the organs of the reproductive and excretory system
right and left hypochondriac regions are covered by the lower ribs
peritoneum a multilayered membrane that protects and holds the organs in place within the abdominal cavity
parietal peritoneum the outer layer of the peritoneum that lines the interior of the abdominal wall
mesentery is a fused double layer of the parietal peritoneum that attaches parts of the intestine to the interior abdominal wall
visceral peritoneum the inner layer of the peritoneum that surrounds the organs of the abdominal cavity
retroperitoneal means located behind the peritoneum
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
Phenylketonuria genetic disorder in which the essential digestive enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase is missing
histology is the study of the structure composition and function of tissues
muscle tissue contains cells with the specialized ability to contract and relax
aplasia is the defective development or the congenital absence of an organ or tissue
hypoplasia is the incomplete development of an organ or tissue usually due to a deficiency in the number of cells
anaplasia is a change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other
hyperplasia is the enlargement of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissues
endocrine glands produce hormones, do not have ducts
adenitis the inflammation of a gland
adenoma a benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue
adenomalacia the abnormal softening of a glad
adenosis is any disease or condition of a gland
adenosclerosis is the abnormal hardening of a gland
adenectomy is the surgical removal of a gland
etiology the study of the causes of diseases
blood-borne transmission is the spread of a disease through contact with blood or other body fluids that are contaminated with blood
epidemic is a sudden and widespread outbreak of disease within a specific population group or area
skeletal system supports and shapes the body
pandemic refers to an outbreak of a disease occurring over a large geographic area possible world wide
idiopathic disorder is an illness without known cause
nosocomial infection is a disease acquired in a hospital or clinical setting
atresia describes the congenital absence of a normal body opening or the failure of a structure to be tubular
geriatrician a physician who specializes in the care of older people
geriatrics the study of medical problems and care of older people
Created by: dfgjmg01