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Musculoskeletal

The Musculoskeletal System - Medical Terms and Definitions

TermDefinition
osseous bony
osteoblast cell associated with the production of bone
osteoclast large cell associated with absorption or removal of bone
osteocyte mature osteoblast
collagen fibrous insoluble protein in white fibers of connective tissue
periosteum specialized connective tissue covering all bones
endosteum connective tissue membrane lining the medullary cavity of bone
medullary pertaining to bone marrow
diaphysis shaft of a bone
epiphysis end of a long bone
ossification formation of bone
calcification deposit of calcium salts within bony tissue
axis straight line passing through center of body
axial forming an axis
appendicular pertaining to appendage
skeleton bony framework of body consisting 206 bones
skeletal pertaining to the skeleton
cranium the skull
frontal pertaining to the forehead
parietal pertaining to two bones that form roof and upper sides of cranium
temporal pertaining to the temple
occipital pertaining to the back & most lower base of skull
sphenoid pertaining to bones that extend behind eyes
ethmoid pertaining to delicate bone that forms the internal nasal structure
suture one of the jagged seams that unite the adjoining bones of the skull
fontanel space located at the junction of the sutures in the skull of an infant
sinus one of the eight air-filled cavities in the skull that communicate with the nasal cavity
orbital pertaining to eye socket
zygoma the cheekbone
maxilla one pair of bones forming the upper jaw
maxillary pertaining to upper jaw bone
mandible lower jaw bone
mandibular pertaining to lower jaw bone
nasal pertaining to the nose
vertebra a backbone
intervertebral situated between two adjacent vertebrae
cervical pertaining to the neck
thoracic pertaining to the chest
lumbar pertaining to the loin
sacrum large triangular bone near the lower end of spinal column
coccyx tail bone at end of spinal column
coccygeal pertaining to tail bone
costa a rib
intercostal between the ribs
sternum the breastbone
manubrium upper portion of the sternum
xiphoid process lower end of sternum
pelvis ring of bone at the base of spinal column
pelvic pertaining to pelvic bone
ilium uppermost bone of each pelvic bone
ischium inferoposterior bone of each pelvic
pubis inferoanterior bone of each hip bone
symphysis pubis cartilaginous joint formed by union of 2 pubic bones at midline
clavicle collarbone
clavicular pertaining to collar bone
scapula shoulder blade
glenoid socket-like
acromion lateral extension of projecting spine of the scapula
humerus upper arm bone
radius shorter and thicker of the two forearm bones located on the side of the thumb
uina forearm bone on the side of the little finger
carpus eight bones of the wrist
metacarpus five bones of the hand between the wrist and fingers
phalanx any bone of a finger or toe
acetabulum hip socket
os innominatum nameless bone
os coxae hip bone
femur thigh bone
patella knee-cap
tibia shin bone
fibula smaller lateral bone of lower leg
tarsus the ankle
calcaneus the heel bone
metatarsus part of the foot between the tarsus and toes
phalangeal pertaining to phalanx
condyle knobby projection at the end of a bone that fits into a joint
malleolus bony projection on either side of the ankle joint
fossa depression in a bone or other structure
olecranon process of the ulna forming the bony prominence of the elbow
foramen natural opening that may pass through the bone
meatus tube-shaped passage
mastoid formed like a breast or nipple
process noticeable projection of bone
articulation a joint
ligament a string, tie or band
tendon strong cord of fibrous connective tissue that attach muscles to bones
bursa a leather sac
meniscus crescent-shpaed fibrocartilage in the knee joint
retinaculum a halter
Created by: nerieleg