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World Geography

Chapter 14-17 vocabulary

1. cultural diffusion the process by which people adopt the practices of their neighbors.
2. industrial revolution the shift from human power to machine power
3. summit the highest point of a mountain or similar elevation
4. prevailing westerlies the constant flow of air from west to east in the temperate zones of the earth.
5. euro the common currency used by member nations of the European
6. compulsory required
7. fertile able to produce abundantly
8. ore a rocky material containing a valuable mineral
9. tertiary economic activity an economic activity in which people do not directly gather or process raw materials but pursue activities that serve other; service industry
10. moor broad, treeless, rolling land, often poorly drained and having patches of marsh and peat bog
11. bog an area of wet, spongy groun
12. glen a narrow valley
13. peat spongy material containing waterlogged and decaying mosses and plants, sometimes dried and use as fuel.
14. cultural divergence the restriction of a culture from outside influences
15. blight a plant disease.
16. fjord a narrow valley or inlet from the sea, originally carved out by an advancing glacier and filled by an advancing glacier and fille bt melting glacial ice
17. geothermal energy energy produced from the earth's intense interior heat
18.mixed economy a system combining different degrees of government regulation.
19. dialect a variation of a spoken language that is unique to a region or community
20. impressionism a style of art where painters try to catch visual impressions mad by color light, and shadows
21. recession an extended decline in business activity
22. confederation a system of government in which individual political units keep their sovereignty but give limited power to a central government
23. reparation money paid for war damages
24. inflation a sharp, widespread rise in prices
25. lignite A SOFT, brownish-black coal
26. dike an embankment of earth and rock built to hold back water
27. polder an area of low-lying land that has been reclaimed from the sea
28. decentralize to transfer government power to smaller regions
canton a political division or sate; one of the states in switzerland
neutral not taking sides in a war
perishable good a product that does not stay fresh for long
strip mining the process whereby miners strip away the surface of the earth to lay bare the mineral deposits
nationalize to bring a business under state conrtol
navigable deep and wide enough to allow the passage of ships
dry farming a farming technique that leaves land planted every few years n order to gather moisture
sirocco a hot,dry wind from northern africa
hub a central point of concentrated activity and influence
seismic activity earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
subsidence a geological phenomenon in which the ground in an area sinks
renaissance the revival of art, literature, and learning that took place in Europe during the fourteenth,fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries
graben a long, narrow area that has dropped between two faults
inhabitable able to support permanent residents
tsunami a huge wave caused primarily by a disturbance beneath the ocean, such as and earthquake or a volcanic eruption.
Created by: BraylonH