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Nervous System

Chapter 22 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Brain the part of the nervous system housed in the skull that is responsible for motor activity, memory, thought, speech, and intelligence, along with regulation of vital function, such as heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing
Cataract a condition in which the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, causing vision loss
Concussion a head injury that occurs from a banging movement of the brain against the skull
Delirium a sudden state of severe confusion due to change in the body, also called acute confusional state or acute brain syndrome
Central Nervous Systeem part of the nervous system made up of the brain and spinal cord
Glaucoma a condition in which the pressure in the eye increases, damaging the optic nerve and causing blindess
Epilepsy a disorder that causes recurring seizures
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) a progressive, degenerated, and irreversible disease that is a form of dementia, there is no cure
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) a condition caused when the blood supply to the brain is cut off suddenly by a clot or a ruptured blood vessel; also called a stroke
Neuron the basic nerve cell of the nervous system
Spinal Cord the part of the nervous system inside the vertebral canal that conducts messages between the brain and the body and controls spinal reflexes
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) a progressive disease in which the protective covering of the nerves, spinal cord, and white matter of the brain breaks down over time, without this covering, nerves cannot send clear messages to and from the brain in a normal way
Paraplegia a loss of function of the lower body and legs
Sundowning a condition in which a person gets restless and agitated in the late afternoon, evening, or night
Pillaging taking things that belong to someone else; not considered stealing
Reality Orientation type of therapy that uses calendars, clocks, signs, and lists to help people with Alzheimer's disease remember who and where they are, along with the date and time
Wandering walking around a facility without any known goal or purpose
Otitis Media an infection in the middle ear that causes pain, pressure, fever, and reduced ability to hear
Paranoid Schizophrenia a form of mental illness characterized by hallucinations and delusions
Parkinson's Disease a progressive disease that causes a portion of the brain to degenerate; causes rigid muscles, shuffling gait, pill-rolling, mask-like face, and tremors
Hoarding collecting and putting things away in a guarded way
Reminiscence Therapy type of therapy that encourages people with Alzheimer's disease to remember and talk about the past
Quadriplegia loss of function of legs, trunk, and arms
Validation Therapy a type of therapy that lets people with Alzheimer's disease believe they are living in the past or in imaginary circumstances
Meniere's disease a disorder of the inner ear caused by a build-up of fluid, which causes vertigo (dizziness), hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ear), and pain or pressure
Created by: Bubblefan123