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OB/ Gyno emergency

Brady EMT Basic-Chapter 34 OB & Gyno Emergency

QuestionAnswer
spontaneous miscarriage or induced termination of pregnancy Abortion
a condition in which the placenta separates from the uterine wall; a cause of prebirth bleeding abruptio placentae
the placenta, membranes of the amniotic sac, part of the umbilical cord, and some tissues from the lining of the uterus that are delivered after the birth of the baby afterbirth
the "bag of waters" that surrounds the developing fetus amniotic sac
irregular prelabor contractions of the uterus Braxton Hicks Contraction
when the baby's buttocks or both legs appear first during birth Breech Presentation
when the baby appears head first during birth. This is the normal presentation Cephalic Presentation
the neck of the uterus at the entrance to the birth canal Cervix
when part of the baby is visible through the vaginal opening Crowning
severe complication of pregnancy that produces seizures and coma eclampsia
when implantation of the fertilized egg is not in the body of the uterus, occuring instead in the fallopian tube, cervix, or abdomen or pelvic cavity ectopic pregnancy
the baby from fertilization to 8 weeks of development embryo
the narrow tube that connects the ovary to the uterus; Also called the ovoduct fallopian Tube
the baby from 8 weeks of development to birth Fetus
expulsion of a fetus as a result of deliberate actions taken to stop the pregnancy Induced abortion
soft tissues that protect the entrance to the vagina Labia
the three stages of the delivery of a baby that begin with contractions of the uterus and end with the expulsion of the placenta labor
the sensation of the fetus moving from high in the abdomen to low in the birth canal lightening
when an infant's limb protrudes from the vagina before the appearance of any other body part Limb presentation
amniotic fluid that is greenish or brownish yellow rather than clear as a result of fetal defication; an indication of possible maternal or fetal distress during labor meconium staining
soft tissue that covers the pubic symphysis; area where hair grows as a woman reaches puberty Mons Pubis
when more than one baby is born during a single delivery Multiple births
a newly born infant or an infant less than 1 month old Neonate
the female reproductive organ that produces ova Ovary
the phase of the female reproductive cycle in which an ovum is released from the ovary Ovulation
the surface area between the vagina and anus Perineum
the organ of pregnancy where exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and wastes occurs between a mother and a fetus Placenta
a condition in which the placenta is formed in an abnormal location (low in the uterus and close to or over the cervical opening) that will not allow for a normal delivery of the fetus; a cause of excessive prebirth bleeding Placenta Previa
a complication of pregnancy in which the woman retains large amounts of fluid and has hypertension. She may also experience seizures and/or coma during birth, which is very dangerous to the infant Preeclampsia
any newborn weighing less than 5 1/2 pounds or born before the 37th week of pregnancy Premature Infant
when the umbilical cord presents first and is squeezed between the vaginal wall and the baby's head prolapsed umbilical cord
when the fetus and placenta deliver before the 28th week of pregnancy; commonly called a miscarriage spontaneous abortion
born dead Stillborn
dizziness and a drop in blood pressure caused when the mother is in a supine position and the weight of the uterus, infant, placenta, and amniotic fluid compress the inferior vena cava, reducing return of blood to the heart and cardiac output supine hypotensive syndrome
the fetal structure containing the blood vessels that carry blood to and from the placenta Umbilical Cord
the muscular abdominal organ where the fetus develops; the womb Uterus
the birth canal Vagina
What does APGAR stand for? Appearance- Pulse- Grimace- Activity- Respiratory effort
Created by: benzlorenz