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Trauma Head neck..

Brady EMT Basic- Chapter 31 Trauma to the Head Neck and Spine

QuestionAnswer
Provides overall control of thought, sensation, and the body's voluntary and involuntary motor functions. Nervous System
the nerves that enter and exit the spinal cord between the vertebrae; the 12 pairs of cranial nerves that travel between the brain and the organs with out passing through the spinal cord and all of the body's other motor and sensory nerves peripheral nervous system
controls involuntary functions autonomic nervous system
the body structure making up the forehead, top, back, and upper sides of the skull cranium
the lower jaw bone Mandible
bone that forms part of the side of the skull and the floor of t he cranial cavity. There is a right and left temporal bone temporal Bone
the moveable joint formed between the mandible and the temporal bone also called the TMJ temporomandibular joint
the two fused bones forming the upper jaw maxillae
the bones that form the upper third or the bridge, of the nose Nasal Bones
the cheek bones, also called the zygomatic bone Malar
the bony structures around the eyes; the eye sockets Orbits
the fluid that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord cerebrospinal fluid CSF
the bones of the spinal column Vertebrae
the bony bump on a vertebrae spinous process
mid closed head injury without detectable damage to the brain. complete recovery is usually expected Concussion
in brain injuries, a bruised brain caused where the force of a blow to the head is great enough to rupture blood vessels Contusion
in brain injuries, a cut to the brain Laceration
in a head injury, a collection of blood within the skull or brain Hematoma
pressure inside the skull Intracranial Pressure
the opening at the base of the skull through which the spinal cord passes from the brain Foreman Magnum
pushing a portion of the brain through the foramen magnum as a result of intercranial pressure Herniation
A neurological assessment, based on scoring. Scoring includes eye opening, verbal response, and motor response. Highest score being 15. Anything less than 8 is critical. "anything less than 8 intibate" Glagow Coma Scale
a bubble of air in the bloodstream Air Embolism
an area of skin that is innervated by a single spinal nerve. Dermatome
a state of shock (hypoperfusion) caused by nerve paralysis that sometimes develops from spinal cord injuries neurogenic shock
THE VERTABRAE IS DIVIDED INTO ___ AREAS? Five
What are the names of the 5 vertebrae? Cervical, Thoracic, lumbar, Sacral and Coccygeal
How many vertebrae does the Lumbar have? 5
How many vertebrae does the Thoracic have? 12
How many vertebrae does the Coccygeal have? 4
A "Battle Sign" means a bruise behind the ______? EAR
When the bruising of the brain occurs on the side of the blow it is called a _______ _____ Coup Injury
When the bruising of the brain occurs on the side opposite of the blow it is called a _______ _________ Countercoup Injury
The _____________ regulates the most vital functions, including the breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure. Brainstem
Created by: benzlorenz