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Chest & Ab Trauma

Brady Basic EMT - Chapter 29 Chest and Ab Trauma

QuestionAnswer
an intestine or other internal organ protruding through a wound in the abdomen evisceration
fracture of two or more adjacent ribs in two or more places that allow for free movement of the fractured segment Flail chest
air in the chest cavity Pneumothorax
an open chest wound in which air is "sucked" into the chest cavity Sucking chest wound
a type of pneumothorax in which air that enters the chest cavity is prevented from escaping Tension Pneumothorax
A condition in which the chest cavity fills with blood hemothorax
A condtion associated with sudden compression of the chest, the sternum and ribs exert severe pressure on the heart and lungs , forcing blood out of the right atrium and up into the jugular veins in the neck Traumatic Asphyxia
hen an injury to the heart causes blood to flow into the surrounding pericardial sac Cardiac Temponade
An injury to the heart that causes blood to flow into the sac lining the heart is called? Pericardial tamponade
Blunt trauma to the chest that results in a patient going tinpot ventricular fibrillation is called Commotio cordis
Patients with an aortic dissection will often complain of a tearing sensation in their? back
The medical term for any dressing that forms an air tight seal is called? An occlusive dressing
What should be placed on eviscerations to prevent drying out of internal organs? Moist dressing
A blow to the chest that can fracture ribs, sternum, and costal (rib) cartilage Blunt Trauma
Bullets, knives, glass, rods, pipes, and other objects that can penetrate the chest wall damaging internal organs and impairing respirations are known as? Penetrating Object
When there is a severe blunt trauma in which the chest is compressed it is known as? Compression
Created by: benzlorenz