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Musculo Trauma

Brady EMT Basic - Chapter 30 Musculoskeletal Trauma

QuestionAnswer
the portions of the skeleton that include the clavicles, scapulae, arms, wrists, and hands (upper extremities) and the pelvis, thighs, legs, ankles, and feet ( lower extemities) Extremities
hard but flexible living structures that provide support for the body and protection to vital organs Bones
places where bones articulate, or meet Joints
bones found in the arm and leg, humerus, radius, ulna, femur, tibia. fibula Long bones
sternum, shoulder blades and ribs Flat bones
vertebrae Irregular bones
tissues or fibers that cause movement of body parts and organs Muscles
tough tissue that covers the joint ends of bones and helps form certain body parts such as the ear Cartilage
tissues that connect muscle to bone Tendons
connective tissue that connect bone to bone Ligaments
A splint that applies constant pull along the length of a lower extremity to help stabilize the fractured bone and to reduce muscle spasm in the limb. Traction splint
any break in a bone fracture
a fracture where the bone is broken in several places comminuted fracture
an incomplete fracture Greenstick Fracture
fracture in which the broken bone segments are at an angle to each other Angulated Fracture
the disruption or "comming apart" of a joint Dislocation
the stretching and tearing of ligaments Sprain
muscle injury resulting from overstretching or overexertion of the muscle Strain
an injury to an extremity with no associated opening in the skin closed extremity injury
an extremity injury in which the skin has been broken or torn through from the inside by an injured bone or from the outside by something that has caused a penetrating wound with associated injury to the bone Open extremity injury
injury caused when tissues such as blood vessels and nerves are constricted within a space as from swelling or from a tight dressing or cast Compartment Syndrome
a grating sensation or sound made when fractured bone ends rub together Crepitus
A traction splint is contradicted if there is a _____ injury pelvis , Hip or Knee
What does CSM stand for? Pulse, circularity,motor, sensory
The three types of mechanism that cause musculoskeletal injuries include Direct, indirect, and twisting
Both swelling and clotting associated with broken bones is due to the destruction of blood vessels in the..... periosteum
The splints that are most commonly used to immobilize joint injuries in the position found are? Formable Splints
A triangular bandage used to support the shoulder and arm is called a Sling
Studies of mechanics of injury indicate that infants and children with fractured femurs often have injury to Internal Injuries
Patients with a hip fracture should be managed for shock and receive Oxygen
the memory aid PMS stands for? Pulse, Motor, and Sensation
The three types of mechanisms that cause musculoskeletal injuries include: direct force, indirect force and twisting force.
Created by: benzlorenz