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Pharmacy Final 3/3

NUR 117 Pharmacy Final set 3 out of 3

alendronate (Fosamax) class bisphosphonate
alendronate (Fosamax) Act incr bone formation
alendronate (Fosamax) use osteoporosis
alendronate (Fosamax) SE decr Ca. GERD
alendronate (Fosamax) NI Take qAM on empty stomach. Sit up for 30m after taking. Take w water
ranitidine (Zantac) Class H2 blocker
ranitidine (Zantac) Act decr stomach acid
ranitidine (Zantac) Use GERD
ranitidine (Zantac) SE Dizziness, rash, diarrhea, muscle pain, agranulocytosis, bradycardia
ranitidine (Zantac) NI Hepatorenal toxicity, hallucinations
psyllium muccilloid (Metamucil)Class Bulk forming laxative
psyllium muccilloid (Metamucil)Act Increases stool bulk
psyllium muccilloid (Metamucil)Use Constipation
psyllium muccilloid (Metamucil)SE Lytes, bronchospasm, cramps, esophageal obstruction, N/V/D
psyllium muccilloid (Metamucil)NI Take w/ lots of water
lansoprazole (Prevacid) Class PPI
lansoprazole (Prevacid) Act Inhibits proton pump
lansoprazole (Prevacid)Use GERD, PUD
lansoprazole (Prevacid)SE Abd. Pain, rash, blood, sugar changes
lansoprazole (Prevacid)NI Give on empty stomach
pancrelipase (Cotazym) class Digestive NZ
pancrelipase (Cotazym) act Breaks down lipids. Usu enteric coated
pancrelipase (Cotazym)use Pancreatic insufficiency
pancrelipase (Cotazym)SE Lots of SE
pancrelipase (Cotazym)NI Do not chew
prochlorperazine (Compazine) Class Phenothiazine Antiemetic. Dopamine antagonist
prochlorperazine (Compazine) Act Decreases nausea EPS, NMS, sedation, anticholinergic effects, HoTN, urine color, agranulocytosis
prochlorperazine (Compazine) Use N/V
prochlorperazine (Compazine) SE EPS, NMS, sedation, anticholinergic effects, HoTN, urine color, agranulocytosis
prochlorperazine (Compazine) NI monitor for anticholinergic SE. Follow CBC.
amoxicillin (Amoxil) Class penicillin abx
amoxicillin (Amoxil) Act Attacks bacterial cell wall. -cidal
amoxicillin (Amoxil) Use Infection
amoxicillin (Amoxil) SE Superinfections, diarrhea, pseudomembranous colitis, anaphylaxis, phlebitis
amoxicillin (Amoxil) NI Alternative birth control, monitor for seizure, blood in stool, CBC, LFT
Vitamin B1 / thiamine (no trade name used) Class Vitamin
Vitamin B1 / thiamine (no trade name used) Act NZ cofactor
Vitamin B1 / thiamine (no trade name used) Use Alcoholism, starvation states
vancomycin (Vancocin) Class peptidoglycan abx
vancomycin (Vancocin) Act Attacks bacterial cell wall. -cidal
vancomycin (Vancocin) Use MRSA, serious infections, G+ infections
vancomycin (Vancocin) SE Red man, superinfections, ototoxic, renal toxic,
vancomycin (Vancocin) NI Must monitor levels
ciprofloxacin (Cipro) Class fluoroquinolone abx
ciprofloxacin (Cipro) Act inhibits cell reproduction. -cidal
ciprofloxacin (Cipro) Use G- infections, anthrax
ciprofloxacin (Cipro) SE May damage cartilage, tendons. HA.
ciprofloxacin (Cipro) NI Avoid use in children, monitor for insomnia, confusion, LFT, CBC, use sunscreen, alert HCP: vaginitis, crystaluria, pain in tendons
ethambutol (Myambutol) Class Antimycobacterial. Antituberculosis
ethambutol (Myambutol) Use Tuberculosis (TB)
isoniazid (INH) Class Antimycobacterial. Antituberculosis
isoniazid (INH) Use Tuberculosis (TB)
isoniazid (INH) SE Injures NEURONS (neuropathy, paresthesias) and HEPATOCYTES (hepatotoxicity)
isoniazid (INH) NI Take with pyridoxine (B6) to reduce SE. Monitor LFTs
streptomycin Class Antibiotic
streptomycin Act Inhibits protein synthesis
streptomycin Use TB
streptomycin SE Deafness, anaphylaxis, blindness, pancytopenia, + other bad things!
streptomycin NI Monitor tinnitus, vision, CBC
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) [no trade name used] Class Vitamin
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) [no trade name used] Act NZ cofactor
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) [no trade name used] Use Vitamin deficiencies, some peripheral neuropathies. Use with isoniazid (INH)
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) [no trade name used] SE Numbness, paresthesias, unsteady gait
cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) Class muscle relaxer
cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) Act Relaxes muscles
cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)Use Pulled muscles
cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) SE CNS depression, dizziness, lightheadedness, othro-HoTn, urine color
cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) NI Take w/ food. Don't drive.
benzoyl peroxide (BenzaClin) Class Skin peeling agent
benzoyl peroxide (BenzaClin) Act Increases skin sloughing
benzoyl peroxide (BenzaClin) Use Acne
benzoyl peroxide (BenzaClin) SE Skin irritation, dry skin, sun damage
benzoyl peroxide (BenzaClin) NI Use at night after washing face.
tretinoin (Retin-A) Class Vitamin A derivative. Dermatologic agent.
tretinoin (Retin-A) Act Increases skin turnover
tretinoin (Retin-A) Use Acne
tretinoin (Retin-A) SE Skin irritation, teratogen, peeling, photosensitivity
tretinoin (Retin-A) NI Use at night on clean, dry face.
calcipotriene (Dovonex) Class Vitamin D derivative. dermatotologic. antipsoriatic
calcipotriene (Dovonex) Use psoriasis
calcipotriene (Dovonex) SE Thin skin
calcipotriene (Dovonex) NI Apply only to affected areas
minoxidil (Rogaine) Class Peripheral vasodilator. Antihypertensive, dermatologic.
minoxidil (Rogaine) Act MOA unknown for alopecia. Perpheral vasodilator for blood pressure
minoxidil (Rogaine) Use alopecia. male pattern baldness.
minoxidil (Rogaine) SE Systemic use: decr BP. Topical: skin irritation.
minoxidil (Rogaine) NI Keep head dry 4h after application. Must use indefinitely
metaxaolone (Skelaxin) Class muscle relaxer
metaxaolone (Skelaxin) Use muscle spasms, muscle pain
metaxaolone (Skelaxin) SE CNS depression, orthoHoTN, urine color
metaxaolone (Skelaxin) NI Take w food
allopurinol (Zyloprim) Class antigout
allopurinol (Zyloprim) Act inhibits uric acid secretion
allopurinol (Zyloprim) Use Gout
allopurinol (Zyloprim) SI N/V/D, Gen SE + hives, metallic taste, anorexia, BONE MARROW SUPP
allopurinol (Zyloprim) NI monitor CBC
probenecid (Benemid) Class Antigout
probenecid (Benemid) Act Increases uric acid elimination in urine
probenecid (Benemid) Use Gout
auranofin (Ridaura) Class Anti-inflammatory. This is gold therapy. Aurum means gold.
auranofin (Ridaura) Use RA
auranofin (Ridaura) SE GI, stomatitis, other SE
auranofin (Ridaura) NI expensive
chlorpromazine (Thorazine) Class phenothiazide antipsychotic. typical antipsychotic. 1st generation antipsychotic
chlorpromazine (Thorazine) Act dopamine agonist
chlorpromazine (Thorazine) Use psychosis (mental illness)
chlorpromazine (Thorazine) SE EPS
chlorpromazine (Thorazine) NI Use benztropine (Cogentin) for side effects
buspirone (BuSpar) Class Atypical antipsychotic
buspirone (BuSpar) Act Dopamine agonist
buspirone (BuSpar) Use Psychosis
buspirone (BuSpar) SE Less EPS than typical antipsychotics
citalopram (Celexa) Class SSRI
citalopram (Celexa) Act Dopamine agonist, Serotonin agonist
citalopram (Celexa) Use Depression, anxiety
Created by: mojoshare