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CNA 2016 Ch. 40*

Developmental Disabilities

QuestionAnswer
an abnormality present at birth that can involve a body structure or function birth defect
a disibility occuring before the age of 22 y/o developmental disability
similar body parts are affected on both sides of the body diplegia
any lost, absent, or impaired physical or mental function disability
that which is passed down from parents to children inherited
involves severe limits in intellectual function and adaptive behavior occuring before age 18 intellectual disability
uncontrolled contractions of skeletal muscles spastic
ADA Americans with Disabilities act of 1990
CP cerebral palsy
DD developmental disability
DS down syndrome
FXS Frgile X syndrome
ID intelligence quotient
SB spina bifida
Developmental disability can be ___________, or __________________, or ________________. mental, phyical, or both
Persons who are developmentally disabled need what? Life-long assistance, support, and services.
Causes of developmental disabilities occur when? before, during, and after birth
Intellectual disabilities involve what? low intellectual functioning and impaired adaptive behavior. an IQ lower than 70. condition being present before age 18, significant limit in adaptive behavior.
Adults with intellectual disabilities should do what? meaningful work and enjoy adult activities
Children with Down syndrome often have a what features? oval shaped eyes that slant upward, short wide hands with stubby fingers, small head and flat face
The most common genetic cause of mild to moderate intellectual disabilities is _______________. down syndrome
an extra chromosome is a cause of down syndrome
Cerebral palsy is caused by a defect in the ___________________________. motor region of the brain
Children with Down syndrome are often born with _____________________. heart defects
Persons with Down syndrome usually need what? health and sex ed, healthy diet, exercise, speech, language, physical, and occupational therapies
A person has athetoid cerebral palsy. The person has what? slow, weaving or writhing motions
A resident has cerebral palsy. The person’s care depends on what? the degree of brain damage
Autism usually begins ___________________________. Around 18 months of age
Children with autism have what other Impairements? social skills, communication, behavior and play activities
Children with autism usually spend time __________________. alone
Children with autism usually have what? tantrums for no apparent reason.
Spina bifida develops ____________________. during the first month of pregnancy
Spina bifida is a congenital defect of the ____________________. spinal column
_________________ is the most common site for spinal bifida. lower back
Spina bifida cystica is usually corrected with ____________________. surgery
A child has spina bifida cystica. The child is at risk for ______________________. infection
Nerve damage usually occurs with _____________________________. myleomeningocele
____________________________________ are common with spina bifida. bowel and bladder problems
Mobility problems are most likely to occur with __________________________. myleomeningocele
An enlarged head is seen with___________________________. hydrocephalus
A child has hydrocephalus. what are likely to occur without treatment? Intellectual disabilities and neurological damage.
Hydrocephalus is usually treated with ________________________. a shunt
The goal for persons with developmental disabilities is to be independent to the extent possible
Function in developmental disabilities is limited in three or more life skill areas.
A person with a developmental disability may have limited functions in capacity for independent living and economic self-sufficiency
A person with intellectual disabilities' ability to respond in socially appropriate ways is limited
A person with intellectual disabilities have the right to protection from sexual abuse
What is a cause of cerebral palsy? brain damage.
Infants born with fetal alcohol syndrome are at risk for cerebral palsy
One or both sides of the body may be affected by ______ cerebral palsy spastic
The person with __________ cerebral palsy has slow weaving or writhing motions. athetoid
A person with cerebral palsy can have many other impairments. True
With _____________ the person with autism can learn to change or control behaviors. therapy
________________ is an inherited disorder affecting bone growth. Fragile X syndrome
Created by: heatherhibbs