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ChampagneConLawExam3

CasePrecedent
Camps Newfound/ Owatonna, Inc. V. Town of Harrison Can’t deny a tax exemption for an organization that serves non-residents
Granholm v. Heald Cannot discriminate against out-of state wineries
Fletcher v. Peck Supreme court can rule state laws unconstitutional
Dartmouth College v. Woodward Supreme court upholds the sanctity of private contracts
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge Company Vague contracts interpreted in favor of the states or in the public interest
Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell Temporary halt on foreclosure during a crisis did not violate the contract clause
US Trust Company v. NJ Adjustment of private contracts must be reasonable and appropriate to a public purpose, but the court will defer to legislative judgment. Repeal must be reasonable and necessary
Buffalo Teachers Federation v. Tobe 1. Is the contractual impairment substantial, 2. Does the law serve a legitimate public purpose, 3. Are the means chosen to accomplish the purpose reasonable and necessary
The Slaughter-House Cases Weakens the Privileges and Immunities clause
Saenz v. Roe Discrimination based on state citizenship violates the Privileges & Immunities clause
Munn v. Illinois Public interest doctrine
Lochner v. New York Due process includes your right to contract yourself
Muller v. Oregon Brandeis Brief used for the first time, preservation of women’s health is within a state’s police power
Bunting v. Oregon Brandeis Brief used again, argued successfully that everyone’s work hours can be limited
West Coast Hotel Company v. Parrish Overturns Adkins, minimum wage is constitutional
Williamson v. Lee Optical Company Court decides to stop using substantive due process to strike down state laws
State Farm Mutual Automobile Company v. Campbell Excessive punitive damages are a violation of substantive due process. Ratio of punitive to actual damages no more than 10:1
Caperton v. AT Massey Coal Company Extreme probability of actual bias that raises a constitutional claim is a violation of due process
US v. Carolene Products Company In social and economic legislation, the court will defer to the legislature
Kelo v. City of New London Economic development is a public use (Texas has a law against this now)
Nolan v. California Coastal Commission Essential nexus test
Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council Total takings test
Tahoe-Sierra Preservation Council v. Tahoe Regional Planning Agency Regulation of private property from private use does not require compensation
Dolan v. City of Tigard Rough Proportionality
Palko v. Connecticut Theories of incorporation: No incorporation, selective incorporation, total incorporation, selective incorporation plus, total incorporation plus, fair trial
Created by: Curtlyn