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Nursing

Procedures and Diseases

QuestionAnswer
Abdominal Perineal Resection surgery for rectal cancer or anal cancer. resection of the rectum
Adenoidectomy surgical procedures to remove the adenoids from the back of the nasal cavity—part of the lymphatic system, which is responsible for fighting infection
Amniocentesis Surgical insertion of a hollow needle through abdominal wall and uterus of pregnant female to obtain amniotic fluid for abnormality or sex
Amputation to cut (limb) from body
Anastomosis A communication b/w or coalescence of blood vessels. Surgical union of parts; especially hollow tubular parts.
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysmectomy surgical procedure performed to repair a weak area in the aorta. aortic aneurysm that is likely to rupture if left in place.
Atherosclerosis Atheromatous deposits in and fibrous of inner layer of arteries
Arthroplasty Plastic surgery of joint
Arthroscopy Examination of a joint
Arthrotomy Incision into a joint
Aspiration biopsy diagnostic procedure used to investigate superficial lumps or masses. In this technique, a thin, hollow needle is inserted into the mass for sampling of cells that, after being stained, will be examined under a microscope
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia enlarged prostate; appears to be part of the natural aging process
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy increase in size of the prostate
Biopsy the removal and examination of tissue, cells, or fluids from living body
Bronchoscopy Examination or treatment of bronchi
Blunt dissection the careful separation of tissues by fingers or convenient blunt instruments during many diverse surgical procedures
Caesarean Section surgical operation for delivering a child by cutting through the wall of the mother's abdomen
Cauterization To sear with a cautery
Chest Physiotherapy treatments generally performed by physiotherapists and respiratory therapists whereby breathing is improved by the indirect removal of mucus from the breathing passages of a patient
Cholangitis Inflammation of one or more bile ducts
Cholecystectomy Surgical excision of gallbladder
Colonoscopy Endoscopic examination of colon
Colporrhaphy Surgical repair of the vaginal wall
Craniotomy 1. the operation of cutting or crushing the fetal head to effect delivery. 2. Surgical opening of skull
Cystocele Hernia of the bladder and especially urinary bladder
Dilation and Curettage 1. Stretching 2. Surgical scraping or cleaning
Diverticulitis Inflammation or infection of a diverticulum of the colon marked by abdominal pain or tenderness
Enucleation To remove without cutting into. Ex. tumor
Excision Surgical removal or resection (diseased part)
Gastrectomy Surgical removal of all or part of stomach
Hemorrhoidectomy Surgical removal of a hemorrhoid
Herniorrhaphy An operation for hernia that involves opening the hernial sac, returning contents to their normal place
Hysterectomy surgical operation to remove all or part of the uterus
Hysteropexy surgical fixation of a displaced uterus
Ileostomy surgical operation in which a piece of the ileum is diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall
Intubation the insertion of a cannula or tube into a hollow body organ
Lobectomy surgical removal of a lobe of an organ such as the thyroid gland, lung, or liver
Mastectomy a surgical operation to remove a breast.
Mastoidectomy surgical removal of some or all of the mastoid process
Myomectomy surgical removal of uterine leiomyomas, also known as fibroids. In contrast to a hysterectomy the uterus remains preserved and the woman retains her reproductive potential
Oophorectomy surgical removal of one or both ovaries; ovariectomy
Nephrectomy surgical removal of one or both of the kidneys.
Neurogenic Bladder person lacks bladder control
Orchidectomy surgical removal of one or both testicles.
Osteomalacia softening of the bones, typically through a deficiency of vitamin D or calcium.
Pancreatico-duodenectomy a major surgical operation involving the pancreas, duodenum, and other organs
Pilonidal cyst or sinus a cyst or abscess near or on the natal cleft of the buttocks that often contains hair and skin debris
Pneumoarthrograms radiography of a joint after it has been injected with air or gas as a contrast medium
Pneumonectomy surgical removal of a lung or part of a lung.
Rectocele prolapse of the wall between the rectum and the vagina
Rectovaginal fistula medical condition where there is a fistula or abnormal connection between the rectum and the vagina. Rectovaginal fistula may be extremely debilitating.
Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection procedure to remove abdominal lymph nodes to treat testicular cancer, as well as help establish its exact stage and type. It is usually performed using an incision that extends from the sternum to several inches below the navel
Salpingectomy surgical removal of the fallopian tubes
Salpingo-oophorectomy The surgical removal of a fallopian tube and an ovary
Salpingoplasty Surgery to correct blocked fallopian tubes
Thoracoplasty Surgery of the chest, usually involving removal of ribs
Total hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus and cervix
Tracheotomy an incision in the windpipe made to relieve an obstruction to breathing
Tracheostomy surgical procedure to create an opening through the neck into the trachea (windpipe
Urolithiasis the formation of stony concretions in the bladder or urinary tract
Created by: senmark