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Asexual Reproduction

What type of reproduction is described when one parent produces an offspring without meiosis Asexual reproduction
Where does the offspring inherit the genetic information from during asexual reproduction? one parent
Compare the genetic material of the parent and the offspring in asexual reproduction. the genetic material of the offspring is identical to the parent
asexual reproduction in prokaryotes; two new daughter cells are formed fission
When a cell splits to form two new identical offspring in a prokaryote cells like bacteria fission
Asexual reproduction in unicellular eukaryotes such as amoebas and paramecium mitosis
Asexual reproduction when the offspring grows off the body of the parent such as hydra budding
Asexual reproduction when part grows from part or piece of the parent regeneration
when offspring grows from part of parent plant: root, stem, or leaves vegetative reproduction
a type of asexual reproduction that takes place in a laboratory when the DNA is take from one cell and two cells are fused together or a cluster of cells cloning
advantage of asexual reproduction *save time and energy *large number of offspring in a short period of time
disadvantage of asexual reproduction lack of genetic variation
pairs of identical chromosomes copied during interphase sister chromatids
two identical cells created from the same parent cell during Mitosis daughter cells
holds together sister chromatids centromere
genetic material is copied and sister chromatids are formed interphase
sister chromatids line up in the middle of the cell; metaphase
sister chromatids separate and spindle fibers shorten anaphase
the nucleus re-appears around the chromatin to form two new identical cells telophase
the nuclear membrane disappears and spindle fibers begin to form prophase
the nucleus of a cell and its contents divide mitosis
the cytoplasm and its contents divide cytokinesis
why is mitosis important? *replace cells *repair damage cell parts *growth
how many parent cells are present in asexual reproduction? one parent cell
A term used to refer to chromosomes that each have a corresponding chromosome from the opposite sex parent homologous chromosomes
the male sex cell in sexual reproduction; a haploid cell sperm
the female sex cell in sexual reproduction; a haploid cell egg
cells that have only one chromosome from each pair haploid
a type of reproduction in which genetic materials from two different cells combine to make an offspring sexual reproduction
cells have pairs of chromosomes diploid cell
the process in which an egg cell and a sperm cell join together fertilization
the process in which one diploid cell diploid divides and makes four haploid cells meiosis
pairs of chromosomes that have genes for the same traits arranged in the same order homologous chromosomes
a fertilized egg zygote
cytoplasm divides to create two new cells cytokinesis
the contents of the nucleus divide mitosis
What is the purpose of mitosis? to create two new cells that are identical to the parent cell