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Infection Prevention

Chapter 6

TermDefinition
Antimicrobial an agent that destroys, resists, or prevents the development of pathogens
Autoclave an appliance used to sterilize medical instruments or other objects by using steam under pressure
Bloodborne Pathogens microorganisms found in human blood that can cause infection and disease
Body Fluids tears, saliva, sputum (mucus coughed up), urine, feces, semen, vaginal secretions, pus or other wound drainage, and vomit
Catheter tube inserted through the skin or into a body opening that is used to add or drain fluid
Clean a condition in which an object has not been contaminated with pathogens
Communicable Disease an infectious disease transmissible by direct contact or by indirect contact
Contagious Disease a type of communicable disease that spreads quickly from person to person
Contaminated soiled, uncleaned; having disease-causing organisms or infectious material on it.
Dehydration an excessive loss of water from the body; a condition that occurs when fluid loss is greater than fluid intake
Direct Contact way to transmit pathogens through touching the infected person or his or her secretions
Dirty a condition in which an object has been contaminated with pathogens
Hepatitis inflammation of the liver caused by certain viruses and other factors, such as alcohol abuse, some medications, and trauma
Immunity resistance to infection by a specific pathogen
Infection the state resulting from pathogens invading and growing within the human body
Isolate to keep something separate, or by itself
Localized Infection infection limited to a specific part of the body; has local symptoms
Malnutrition a serious condition in which a person is not getting proper nutrition
Microorganisms (MO) a tiny living thing not visible to the eye without a microscope; also called a microbe
Normal Flora the microorganisms that normally live in and on the body and do not cause harm in a healthy person, as long as the flora remain in or at that particular area
Pathogen microorganisms that are capable of causing infection and disease
Perineal Care care of the genitals and anal area by cleaning
PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) a barrier between a person and pathogens; includes gloves, gowns, masks, goggles, and face shields.
Sterilization a measure used to decrease the spread of pathogens and disease by destroying all microorganisms, including those that form spores
Systemic Infection an infection that occurs when pathogens enter the bloodstream and move throughout the body; causes general symptoms, such as chills and fever
Created by: Bubblefan123