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Chapter 19

The Circulatory or Cardiovascular System

Anemia a condition in which the amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the body is less than normal.
Angina Pectoris chest pain,pressure, or discomfort.
Anti-Embolic Stockings special stockings used to help prevent swelling and blood clots and aid circulations, also called elastic stockings.
Artery vessel that carries blood away from the heart
Capillaries tiny blood vessels in which the exchange of gases, nutrients, and waste products occurs between blood and cells.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) a condition in which the heart muscle is damaged and fails to pump effectively.
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) a condition in which the coronary arteries become damaged and narrow over time, causing chest pain and other symptoms.
Diastole phase when the heart muscle relaxes
Heart four chambered pump that is responsible for the flow of blood in the body.
Nitroglycerin medication that relaxes the walls of the coronary arteries.
Orthopnea shortness of breath when lying down that is relieved by sitting up.
Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) a condition in which the legs, feet, arms, or hands, do not have enough blood circulation.
Phlebitis inflammation of the veins in the lower extremities.
Pulmonary Edema a condition in which there is an accumulation of fluid in the lungs; usually due to failure.
Stable Agina chest pain that occurs when a person is active or under severe stress.
Systole phase where the heart is at work; contracting and pushing blood out of the left ventricle
Unstable Agina chest pain occurs while a person is at rest and not exerting himself.
Vein vessel that carries blood to the heart
Ventricles the lower two chambers of the heart
Atria the upper right and left chambers
Hypotension low blood pressure 100/60 or lower
Hypertension High blood pressure 140/90 or higher
Occlusion an obstruction of blood vessel
Hypoxia a condition in which body does not recieve enough oxygen
Cardiomyopathy a weakening of the heart muscle due to enlargement or thickening, which reduces the hearts ability to pump blood effectively.
Created by: jmonayyyyyy_