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Chapter 19

Anemia A condition in which the amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the body is less than normal
Angina Pectoris Chest pain, pressure, or discomfort
Anti-embolic stocking Special stocking used to help prevent swelling and blood clots and aid circulation; also called elastic stockings
Artery Vessel that carries blood away from the heart
Capillaries Tiny blood vessels in which the exchange of gases, nutrients, and waste products occurs between blood and cells
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) A condition in which the heart muscle is damaged and fails to pump effectively
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) A condition in which the coronary become damaged and narrow over time, causing chest pain and other symptoms
Diastole Phase when the heart muscle relaxes
Heart Four chambered pump that is responsible for the flow of blood in the body
Nitroglycerin Medication that relaxes the walls of the coronary arteries
Orthopnea Shortness of breath when lying down that is relieved by sitting up
Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) A condition in which the legs, feet, arms or hands do not have enough blood circulation
Phlebitis Inflammation of the veins in the lower extremities
Pulmonary Edema A condition in which there is an accumulation of fluid in the lungs, usually due to heart failure
Stable Angina Chest pain that occurs when a person is active or under severe stress
Systole Phase where the heart is at work, contracting and pushing blood out of the left ventricle
Unstable Angina Chest pain that occurs while a person is at rest and not exerting himself
Vein Vessel that carries blood to the heart
Atria The upper left and right chambers
Ventricles The lower two chambers of the heart
Hypotension Low blood pressure 100/60 or lower
Occlusion An obstruction of a blood vessel
Hypertension High blood pressure 140/90 or higher
Hypoxia A condition in which body does not receive enough oxygen
Cardiomyopathy a weakening of the heart muscle due to enlargement or thickening, which reduces the heart's ability to pump blood effectively
Created by: kaylove96