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6Sci_Rock Cycle

Rock Cycle

QuestionAnswer
What are rocks made of? minerals
What rocks are formed by cooling & hardening of hot liquid rock? Igneous
What rocks are formed when rocks are changed by heat and pressure? metamorphic
What rocks are formed when sediments are pressed & cemented together? sedimentary
What is the process when rocks are broken down into smaller fragments? weathering
What is the process when rock fragments are moved by some force of nature? erosion
What is the process when rock fragments are laid down in a new location? deposition
What is the movement within the Earth that causes rocks inside the Earth to be moved to the Earth’s surface? uplifting
What is the chemical makeup of a rock? composition
What is the quality of a rock that is based on the sizes, shapes, and positions of the rock’s grains? texture
What are light colored igneous rocks? Felsic rocks
What are dark colored igneous rocks? Mafic rocks
When heat and pressure work on a sedimentary rock what rock type is formed? metamorphic
When a metamorphic rock is heated and becomes magma then erupts from a volcano and cools what rock type is formed? igneous
When weathering and erosion work on a metamorphic rock what rock type is formed? sedimentary
What are the rock and mineral fragments pressed together called? sediment
What are layers of rocks called? strata
When magma is slow cooling and there are more crystals in the igneous rock what type of texture will the rock have? coarse
When magma is fast cooling and there are less crystals in the igneous rock what type of texture will the rock have? fine
What are the five characteristics of a mineral? Naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystal structure, definite chemical composition
What is luster? Way a surface reflects light
What is streak? Color of a mineral in powdered form
What do we identify using color, luster, streak, cleavage/fracture, hardness, density, & special properties? Minerals
Created by: ndmsteach