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Biology Test 5

Mitosis and Meiosis

TermDefinition
Chromosomes rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
Histones what the DNA in eukaryotic cells wraps tightly around
Chromatid each half of the chromosome
sex chromosomes chromosomes that determine the sex of an organism
autosomes all other chromosomes that carry genes
homologous chromosomes the two copies of each autosome that was produced by sexual reproduction
karyotype a photo-micrograph of the chromosomes in a normal dividing cell
diploid cells having two sets of chromosomes and have two autosomes for each homologous pair; 2n
haploid sperm cells and egg cell which contain only one set of chromosomes; 1n
spermatogenesis the production of sperm cells
oogenesis the production of mature egg cells, or ova
binary fission the division of a prokaryotic cells into two offspring cells
cancer cells cells that grow and divide at an unregulated quickened pace
steps of mitosis Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
steps of meiosis prophase I, metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I and cytokinesis, prophase II, metaphase II, anaphase II, and telophase II and cytokinesis
Three parts to a chromosome chromosome, chromotid, centromere
steps of meiosis that are diploid prophase 1, metaphase 1
Created by: aemiller
 

 



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