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Music 1030

Music Appreciation

QuestionAnswer
All of the modern woodwind instruments are made out of wood FALSE
The modern French horn developed from the early hunting horns. TRUE
REFERS TO HOW LOUD OR SOFT A SOUND IS DYNAMICS
THE RATE OF VIBRATION OF A SOUND SOURCE (string, vocal fold, etc) FREQUENCY
CONSISTS OF A SINGLE, UNACCOMPANIED MELODY MONOPHONIC TEXTURE
REFERS TO THE QUALITY OF A PITCH TIMBRE
REFERS TO THE HIGHNESS/LOWNESS OF A SOUND PITCH
CONSISTS OF A SINGLE MELODY W/ACCOMPANYING CHORDS HOMOPHONIC TEXTURE
CONSISTS OF A SEQUENCE OF NOTES WHICH FORM THE MUSICAL STATEMENT MELODY
CONSISTS OF A SEQUENCE OF CHORDS THAT SUPPORT A MELODY HARMONY
THE FLOW OF MUSIC THROUGH TIME RHYTHM
CONSISTS OF TWO OR MORE MELODIC LINES POLYPHONIC TEXTURE
SACRED VOCAL PIECE WHICH DOESN'T USE A TEXT FROM THE MASS ORDINARY MOTET
MUSIC USING ONLY VOICES A CAPELLA
ROMAN CATHOLIC LATIN LITURGY MASS
EARLY POLYPHONIC CHANT ORGANUM
MONOPHONIC CHANT PLAINCHANT
PLUCKED, STRINGED INSTRUMENT OF THE RENAISSANCE LUTE
SECULAR VOCAL PIECE IN THE RENAISSANCE MADRIGAL
FOR THERE TO BE SOUND, THERE MUST BE AN OBJECT VIBRATING TRUE
MUSICAL NOTATION ONLY TOOK A FEW YEARS TO DEVELOP FALSE
WESTERN MUSIC IS THE ONLY MUSICAL SYSTEM IN THE WORLD TO MAKE SLIGHT ADJUSTMENTS TO MATHEMATICALLY PERFECT RATIOS & EQUAL TEMPER INSTRUMENTS TRUE
A THOUSAND YEARS OF EUROPEAN HISTORY ARE SPANNED BY THE PHRASE "MIDDLE AGES". TRUE
THE TEXTURE OF THE RENAISSANCE IS CHIEFLY HOMOPHONIC. FALSE
A "RENAISSANCE MAN" IS A PERSON WHO SPECIALIZES IN ONE THING AND DOES IT REALLY WELL. FALSE
RENAISSANCE COMPOSERS OFTEN USED "WORD PAINTING", A MUSICAL REPRESENTATION OF SPECIFIC POETIC IMAGES. TRUE
IN THE MIDDLE AGES, INSTRUMENTS WERE USED IN SERVICES THROUGHOUT THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. FALSE
THE INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT CALLED HUMANISM FOCUSED STRICTLY ON THE CHURCH'S TEACHINGS. FALSE
AFTER THE REFORMATION, LUTHER BELIEVED THAT CHURCH MUSIC SHOULD CONCENTRATE ON CONGREGATIONAL OR GROUP SINGING, SUCH AS HYMNS OR CHORALES. TRUE
THE FIRST OPERA, COMPOSED BY PERI IN 1598 DAPHNE
THE SECOND OPERA WAS WRITTEN FOR A ROYAL WEDDING
THE SECOND OPERA WAS A GREAT SUCCESS FALSE
THE FIRST GREAT OPERA FROM 1607 WAS COMPOSED BY MONTEVERDI
AFTER HIS FIRST OPERAS, MONTEVERDI MOVED TO WHAT IMPORTANT CITY? VENICE
MOZART USED THIS PLAY THAT WAS BANNED BY MANY RULERS ACROSS EUROPE AS THE BASIS FOR WHICH OF HIS FAMOUS OPERAS? THE MARRIAGE OF FIGARO
HOW MANY OPERAS DID BEETHOVEN COMPOSE? ONLY 1
IN ITALY, ALMOST EVERY TOWN HAS A STREET NAMED AFTER THIS GREAT ITALIAN COMPOSER VERDI
USED WAGNER OPERAS TO STIR UP NATIONALISTIC FERVOR LONG AFTER WAGNER HAD DIED THE NAZIS
OFFENBACH'S PARISIAN OPERAS WERE FULL OF THIS TYPE OF SAUCY DANCING CAN-CAN
JOHN ADAMS' AMERICAN OPERA, NIXON IN CHINA, IS A MODERN MASTERPIECE WHICH DETAILS THE COLLISION OF THESE 2 TYPES OF GOV'T. CAPITALISM & COMMUNISM
IN CHINA, THE CITY OF SHANGHAI IS EMBRACING WESTERN OPERA AS WELL AS MAINTAINING ITS OWN TRADITIONAL MUSIC TRUE
WAS BORN IN BONN, GERMANY BEETHOVEN
WAS EXPECTED TO HELP SUPPORT HIS FAMILY AS A YOUNG TEENAGER BEETHOVEN
WAS ABLE TO WRITE OUT OTHER COMPOSER'S MUSIC HE HAD ONLY HEARD ONE TIME MOZART
WAS A SUCCESSFUL FREE-LANCE MUSICIAN IN VIENNA BEETHOVEN
CHILD PRODIGY, BORN IN SALZBURG, AUSTRIA MOZART
WROTE SYMPHONIES NICKNAMED 'SURPRISE', 'MILITARY', AND 'CLOCK'. HAYDN
COMPOSED 9 SYMPHONIES (NAMES LIKE EROICA, PASTORAL) BEETHOVEN
WAS IN CHARGE OF ONE OF THE BEST ORCHESTRAS IN EUROPE HAYDN
COMPOSED TWO ORATORIOS, "CREATION" & "THE SEASONS" HAYDN
REMOVED A DEDICATION TO NAPOLEON FROM HIS 3RD SYMPHONY BEETHOVEN
SOLD TICKETS OUT OF HIS HOUSE FOR HIS OWN CONCERTS MOZART
HIS FATHER, LEOPOLD, WAS ANXIOUS TO SHOW OFF HIS SON AT EUROPEAN COURTS. MOZART
GRADUALLY WENT DEAF, BUT STILL COMPOSED MUSIC. BEETHOVEN
CLASSICISM, AS A STYLISTIC PERIOD IN WESTERN ART MUSIC, ROUGHLY ENCOMPASSED WHAT YEARS? 1750-1820
AN INSTRUMENTAL WORK FOR ORCHESTRA SYMPHONY
THE FORM KNOWN AS "MINUET AND TRIO" IS EMPLOYED AS WHICH MOVEMENT OF CLASSICAL SYMPHONY QUARTETS? THIRD
THE MOST IMPORTANT KEYBOARD INSTRUMENT OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD WAS THE ? PIANO
THE USUAL ORDER OF MOVEMENTS IN A CLASSICAL SYMPHONY IS: FAST, SLOW, DANCE-RELATED, FAST
CLASSICAL CHAMBER MUSIC IS DESIGNED FOR THE INTIMATE SETTING OF A SMALL ROOM
AS THE MUSICAL HEIR OF HAYDN AND MOZART, BEETHOVEN BRIDGED WHICH TWO MUSIC ERAS? CLASSICAL & ROMANTIC
IN THE CLASSICAL ERA, SERIOUS COMPOSITION WAS FLAVORED BY FOLK AND POPULAR MUSIC. TRUE
MOZART COMPOSED MASTERPIECES IN ALL THE MUSICAL FORMS OF HIS TIME. TRUE
A COMMON RONDO PATTERN IS ABCBA FALSE
HAYDN COMPOSED OVER 100 SYMPHONIES IN HIS LIFETIME. TRUE
BEETHOVEN STOPPED COMPOSING AFTER HE BECAME COMPLETELY DEAF. FALSE
CONSISTS OF TWO REPEATED SECTIONS (AABB) BINARY FORM
THE "ALL" THAT PLAY IN A CONCERTO TUTTI
THE CENTRAL THEME IN A FUGUE SUBJECT
THE STATEMENT OF THE THEME BY THE FULL ENSEMBLE IN A CONCERTO RITORNELLO
HYMN TUNE IN LUTHERAN CHURCH CHORALE
A CHANGE OF KEY WITHIN THE COURSE OF A MOVEMENT MODULATION
REFLECTS SPOKEN DIALOGUE AND COMMUNICATES THE DRAMA'S ACTION RECITATIVE
SONG FORM (AAB) BAR FORM
AN INSTRUMENTAL WORK ASSOCIATED WITH A STORY, EVENT, OR IDEA PROGRAM MUSIC
A MUSIC PRODUCER WHO FORMED HIS OWN COMPANY IMPRESARIO
THE LUTE, HARPSICHORD, VIOL, OR CELLO THAT PROVIDES HARMONIC SUPPORT BASSO CONTINUO
INSTRUMENTAL WORK FOR A SOLOIST (OR SOMETIMES MORE THAN ONE SOLOIST) AND A LARGER ENSEMBLE CONCERTO GROSSO
COMPLEX INSTRUMENTAL WORK BASED ON A CENTRAL THEME WHICH IS IMITATED IN ALL "VOICES" FUGUE
VOCAL GENRE INVENTED AROUND 1600 BY A GROUP OF PHILOSOPHERS, MUSICIANS, AND POETS IN FLORENCE, ITALY OPERA
DANCE-BASED INSTRUMENTAL PIECES SUITE
SIMILAR TO A CANTATA,THIS RELIGIOUS GENRE USES SINGERS, ORGAN (OR HARPSICHORD), AND AN ORCHESTRA. NO SCENERY OR STAGING IS USED. ORATORIO
J.S.BACH WROTE HUNDREDS OF THESE SACRED VOCAL WORKS, BASING THEM ON GERMAN HYMN TUNES. CANTATAS
SUNG IN ITALIAN OPERA
SECULAR PRODUCTION WITH STAGING, SCENERY, SINGERS, AND ORCHESTRA OPERA
THIS INSTRUMENTAL PIECE TYPICALLY BEGINS WITH A MELODY CALLED THE "SUBJECT". FUGUE
J.S.BACH CAME FROM A VERY MUSICAL FAMILY. TRUE
ANTONIO VIVALDI IS MOST REMEMBERED FOR HIS MANY LUTHERAN CHURCH CANTATAS. FALSE
HANDEL SPENT MANY YEARS IN LONDON, AND BECAME RICH AND FAMOUS. TRUE
J.S.BACH IS RECOGNIZED AS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT EARLY OPERA COMPOSERS. FALSE
CLAUDIO MONTEVERDI'S CAREER STRADDLED THE RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE ERAS, AND HE IS REGARDED AS A KIND OF TRANSITIONAL COMPOSER. TRUE
ALTHOUGH J.S.BACH WAS A PROTESTANT, HE COMPOSED A MASS IN B MINOR AS PART OF A JOB APPLICATION FOR POLAND'S ROMAN CATHOLIC KING. TRUE
MONTEVERDI WAS FOR MANY YEARS DIRECTOR OF MUSIC AT ST. MARK'S BASILICA IN VENICE, WHERE HE LIVED FOR MUCH OF HIS LIFE. TRUE
VIVALDI WAS KNOWN AS THE "RED PRIEST". TRUE
GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL WAS BORN IN ITALY. FALSE
J.S.BACH FATHERED MANY CHILDREN, SEVERAL OF WHOM BECAME SUCCESSFUL MUSICIANS THEMSELVES. TRUE
GERMAN WORD MEANING SONG LIEDER
THE ART OF ARRANGING MUSIC FOR THE INSTRUMENTS OF THE ORCHESTRA. ORCHESTRATION
A MUSICAL PHRASE ASSOCIATED WITH A PERSON, THING, OR IDEA IN A STORY LEITMOTIF
A POEM THAT TELLS A STORY BALLAD
UNACCOMPANIED VOICES A CAPPELLA
A MOVEMENT TO SHOW REALITY AND TRUE EMOTIONS OF PEOPLE VERISMO
AN UNRELENTING MELODY THAT REOCCURS THROUGHOUT DIFFERENT MOVEMENTS OF AN INSTRUMENTAL PIECE IDEE FIXE
A THEME INTRODUCED SUBTLETY COMES BACK TRIUMPHANTLY THEMATIC TRANSFORMATION
USE OF MANY INCIDENTAL AND TRANSITIONAL NOTES. CHROMATIC
ROMANTIC STYLE FLOURISHED IN MUSIC DURING WHAT TIME PERIOD? 1820-1900
A SLOW, LYRICAL, INTIMATE COMPOSITION FOR PIANO, ASSOCIATED WITH EVENING AND NIGHT TIME IS WHAT? NOCTURNE
A STUDY PIECE, DESIGNED TO HELP A PERFORMER MASTER SPECIFIC TECHNICAL DIFFICULTIES IS KNOWN AS WHAT? ETUDE
THIS SCALE CONSISTS OF FIVE NOTES, AND IS USED PRIMARILY IN FOLK MUSIC AND ASIAN CULTURES. PENTATONIC
EMPLOYS DESCRIPTIVE TITLES FOR EACH MOVEMENT A PROGRAM SYMPHONY
WHEN THE SAME MUSIC IS REPEATED FOR EACH STANZA OF A POEM, THE FORM IS KNOWN AS WHAT? STROPHIC
BECAME THE VOGUE OF WEALTHY MUSIC ENTHUSIASTS DURING THE ROMANTIC PERIOD, WHERE THE HOST INVITED A SELECT GROUP TO HEAR A RECITAL IN THEIR HOME SALON CONCERTS
FRANZ SCHUBERT MADE HIS LIVING BY SERVING A WEALTHY COURT PATRON. FALSE
AS A STUPENDOUS PERFORMER, INNOVATIVE COMPOSER, AND HAVING A CHARISMATIC PERSONALITY, FRANZ LISZT TYPIFIED THE ROMANTIC MOVEMENT. TRUE
BESIDES HIS MUSICAL ACHIEVEMENTS, FELIX MENDELSSOHN WAS A TALENTED PAINTER, A FINE WRITER, AND A BRILLIANT CONVERSATIONALIST IN MULTIPLE LANGUAGES. TRUE
DURING THE 19TH CENTURY, EUROPEANS FELT STRONGLY THAT THEIR HOMELANDS MERITED LOYALTY AND SELF SACRIFICE. TRUE
RUSSIAN COMPOSER TCHAIKOVSKY WAS A HAPPILY MARRIED MAN WITH A CHEERFUL SELF-CONFIDENT OUTLOOK ON LIFE. FALSE
COMPOSER WHO LOVED TO INFUSE HIS MUSIC WITH PATRIOTIC TUNES AND AMERICAN SOUNDS AND WAS THE SON OF GENERAL GRANT'S FAVORITE BAND DIRECTOR. CHARLES IVES
THIS BALLET CAUSED A RIOT AT ITS PREMIERE IN PARIS IN 1913. THE RIGHT OF SPRING
COMPOSER ASSOCIATED WITH ALEATORY OR "CHANCE" MUSIC, PARTICULARLY IN HIS NOTORIOUS WORK 4'33". JOHN CAGE
COMPOSER THAT RE-DEFINED MUSIC THEATER WITH HIS VIBRANT AND MOVING RE-TELLING OF THE STORY OF ROMEO AND JULIET. LEONARD BERNSTEIN
THIS COMPOSER GREW UP IN BROOKLYN, LEARNED TO PLAY THE PIANO EARLY, AND BECAME FAMOUS FOR MIXING JAZZ AND CLASSICAL STYLES IN SUCH WORKS AS "RHAPSODY IN BLUE". GEORGE GERSHWIN
FIRST AFRICAN-AMERICAN COMPOSER TO HAVE A WORK PERFORMED BY A MAJOR SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA. WILLIAM GRANT STILL
CONSIDERED A MINIMALIST COMPOSER, HE HAD SOME SUCCESS AS A FILM COMPOSER AS WELL. PHILIP GLASS
COMPOSER INSPIRED BY THE SOUND OF THE ASIAN GAMELAN ORCHESTRA, COMPOSING PIANO WORKS WHICH IMITATED IT. CLAUDE DEBUSSY
KNOWN AS THE KING OF RAGTIME SCOTT JOPLIN
ORIGINALLY FROM SAN FRANCISCO, HE EXPERIMENTED EARLY WITH A "PREPARED PIANO" AND MADE USE OF MANY UNORTHODOX PLAYING TECHNIQUES. HENRY COWELL
MUSICAL STYLE CHARACTERIZED BY BLURRED HARMONIES AND RHYTHMS, INTENDED TO EVOKE A MOOD OR CAPTURE A MOMENT IMPRESSIONISM
MUSICAL STYLE IN WHICH A BRIEF MUSICAL IDEA IS REPEATED MANY TIMES, AND VARIED INCREMENTALLY OVER TIME MINIMALISM
PLAYING STRAIGHT NOTES UNEVENLY, IN A LONG-SHORT PATTERN SWING
A WAY OF COMPOSING WHICH RELIED ON A STRICT ORDERING OF PITCHES ACCORDING TO A PREDETERMINED PATTERN & INVENTED BY SCHOENBERG TWELVE-TOME SYSTEM
A RHYTHMIC EMPHASIS ON WEAK BEATS; REGULARLY OCCURRING MUSICAL ACCENTS WHICH OCCUR OFF THE BEAT. SYNCOPATION
USE OF NON-WESTERN SCALES, HARMONIES, AND TECHNIQUES TO CREATE A SENSE OF "FOREIGNNESS" EXOTICISM
THE ART OF MAKING UP MUSIC ON THE SPOT IMPROVISATION
MUSIC WHICH IS COMPOSED AND/OR PERFORMED WITH A HIGH DEGREE OF CHANCE OR RANDOMNESS ALEATORY MUSIC
THE USE OF MUSICAL FORMS AND TECHNIQUES FROM THE 18TH CENTURY NEO-CLASSICISM
A JAZZ TECHNIQUE IN WHICH INSTRUMENTS (OR GROUP OF INSTRUMENTS) CREATE A KIND OF ALTERNATING MUSICAL CONVERSATION CALL AND RESPONSE
A SPOKEN DRAMA WITH A SUBSTANTIAL AMOUNT OF SINGING MUSICAL
BORROWING A WELL-KNOWN TUNE OR MUSICAL IDEA FROM ANOTHER COMPOSER MUSICAL QUOTATION
MIDDLE AGES 450-1450
RENAISSANCE ERA 1450-1600
BAROQUE ERA 1600-1750
CLASSICAL ERA 1750-1820
ROMANTIC ERA 1820-1900
MODERN ERA 1900-2000
"Spring" Vivaldi
"Canon" Pachelbel
"Moonlight Sonata" Beethoven
"Adagio for Strings" Barber
suite "Rigaoudon" Handel
"Prelude in E minor" Chopin
"Ode to Joy" Beethoven
"Messiah" Handel
"Piano Concerto in A Major" Mozart
"Piano Concerto no. 1" Tchaikovsky
"Banshee" Cowell
"Radio Music" Cage
RISE OF THE SOLOIST BAROQUE ERA
CONTROLLED DISSONANCE, CONJUNCT MOVEMENT, FULL CHORAL TEXTURES RENAISSANCE ERA
BORN IN WARSAW CHOPIN
ASSOCIATED WITH VERISMO PUCCINI
ITALIAN TERM FOR SLOW PACE ADAGIO
ITALIAN TERM FOR FAST PACE ALLEGRO
REFERS TO THE SPEED OF THE BEAT TEMPO
CREATED WHEN RHYTHMIC BEATS ARE ORGANIZED INTO REGULAR GROUPS METER
an ordered sequence of notes that serves as the basis for a piece. It outlines the underlying tonality SCALE
refers to a way of arranging pitches in a hierarchy of importance, and creating harmony based on this arrangement. Most of the music we listen to uses this approach. TONALITY
works like punctuation in a sentence. It indicates a momentary pause in the flow of music CADENCE
The musical term for the vertical arrangEment of musical elements TEXTURE
texture that consists of two or more melodies of equal importance polyphonic
The horizontal organization of musical elements form
"ABA" denotes which common type of form? ternary
Musical harmony is rooted in simple mathematical relationships called "natural harmonics." true
refers to the link between man and the cosmos, the belief that music, like the universe was measured in ordered numerical relationships. music of the spheres
The dissonance in pitch relations that results from dividing the octave in consistent 2/3 relationships is called Pythagorean comma
The earliest musical _____________ was based on the seven pitches found between the span of the octave scale
The "barren" and "austere" sound of early church music can be attributed to the predomominant use of the intervals of the _________ and __________. fourth and fifth
John Dunstable was a fifteenth century Italian composer who challeneged the rules of harmony that dominated music for 2000 years since Pythagoras. false
the adjustment of notes within a scale to allow for its use within a larger key system. temperament
The "Well Tempered Keyboard," an important set of compositions written to illustrate how a single instrument can play in a variety of keys, was written by this important 17th century composer. Bach
Neumes were an early attempt to show the ___________ of a melody. shape or contour
a fixed reference pitch for the rest of the pitches to "lock onto". music staff
Guido Monaco (Guido of Arezzo) used a __________ to demonstrate different pitches hand
Created by: 1646344420