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Trimester 1 Test

Consumer An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
Herbivores Consumers that eat only plants
Carnivores Consumers that eat only animals
Omnivores Consumers that eat both plant and animals
Scavengers A carnivore that feeds on bodies of dead organisms
Decomposer Break down wastes and dead organisms and return the raw materials to the eco system
Producer The first organism in the food chain or web/tree
First Level Consumer Second consumer feeds on the producer/carpenter ant
Second Level Consumer Eats the first level consumer/woodpecker
Food Web Consists of many overlapping food chains in an eco system
Renewable Resource Are either always available or naturally replaced in a relatively short time/sunlight, wind, fresh water, trees (faster growing pines)
Non Renewable Resources Natural resources that are not replaced in a useful time frame/oil and coal
Municipal Solid Waste The waste materials produced in homes, businesses, schools and in other communities.
Incineration The burning of solid waste.
Leachate Rainwater falling on a dump dissolved chemicals from the waste forming a polluted liquid
Sanitary Landfill Holds solids waste, construction debris and some types and agricultural and industrial wastes.
Recycling The process of reclaiming raw materials and reusing them to create new products.
Biodegradable Materials that can be broken down and recycled by bacteria and other decomposers
Hazardous Waste Materials that can be harmful to human health or to the environment if it is not properly disposed
What are the 3 ways to handle municipal solid waste? -Burning -Burying -Recycling Advantages:It goes away/ It doesn't take up any space/Reduce the amount of solid waste Disadvantages:Gives of fumes/It could pollute the ground/Everything can't be recycled
What are the 4 ways to manage/dispose of hazardous waste? -Landfills lined and covered with clay and plastic -Incineration -Use safe products -Liquid waste stored in deep rock layers/like walls
What are 4 ways you and your family can create less waste? -Reuse:Create lees waste cloth bags and reusable containers -Reduce:Find other uses -Recycle:Buy products made of recycled materials -Compost:Start a backyard compost pile
What are 3 ways people work to keep water clean? -Use silk fences on construction sites -Never poor chemicals down drains instead bring them to a drop off site. -Factories can stop dumping their waste into nearby bodies of water.
How does the ozone layer help the earth? Helps earth from becoming a frozen plant and protects people from the effects of too much ultraviolet radiation.
What is the ozone hole? An area of several ozone depletions over Antarctica
How is the ozone hole being created? By groups of gasses called CFC's used in household products which are human made.
Created by: NicHus1