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AP Comp Gov - Mexico

Representation and Participation

TermDefinition
capitalinos people raised in Mexico City; recent years, political elite have become more homogenous: drawn increasingly from the capitalinos
tecnicos fill the cabinets and upper level bureaucracy; studied economics, business, or public administration in the US
compadrazgo godparent; kinship ties are important in achieving top positions; many politically important families are interrelated, either through marriange or through the traditional rite of compadrazgo
sexenios turnover means that political elite is fluid; explains why Mexico didn't become a gerontocracy; medium age of cabinet ministers dropping
presidentialist system important public policies used to be initiated and shaped by the inner circle of presidential advisers before being presented for public discussions; most effective interest participation took place w/in upper levels of federal bureaucracy
role of ruling party and labor unions not to aggregate and articulate interests; limit the scope of citizens' demands on the goverment, mobilize electoral support, and distribute jobs and rewards to "clients'
corporatist system from 1930s to 2000; interest representation in which interest groups were part of the state structure
conciquismo local boss rule; election losses by PRI since 90s demonstrated dysfunctional nature of corpratist sys; still dominates politics in majority of states using this, patron-client relationships, labor movement, selective repression of dissidents.
Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) intended to reduce conflict between contenders for public office and to consolidate power of central gov; dominated Mex politics for 70 years; mass-based party, especially loved by peasants and workers
reasons for decline of PRI inability to distance itself from unpopular austerity policies of 90s; eliminating of slush fund "la partida secreta"; Federal Electoral Institute separated from executive branch; demographic change (more urban and educated)
National Action Party (PAN) opposed to centralization and anticlericalism of PRI; strong in north and some central; "center-right" with strong elements of Christian socialism
PANista legislation adopted by PRI governments increased prop representation in both chambers of congress; autonomous electoral courts; increased municipal autonomy; self-governance in Mex City; liberalization of social security programs, etc
Vicente Fox moderate-progressive PAN president; PAN organization was weak, not united in backing him; didn't have a majority in congress, main challenged to Fox's policy agenda
Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD) outgrowth of moderate socialist parties of Mexican left; internal squabbling in 80s; greater importance as viable third party
challenges for PRD until 2000, took positions left of ruling party, since it has been more radical; ties to rural areas underdeveloped; internal rivalries; leftist ideology alienated many who fear radical socialist agenda
General Election of 2012 President: FPTP for a sexino Chamber of Deputies: 500; 300 FPTP, 200 prop rep with 3 yr term Senate: 128 members w/3 per state FPTP, 32 prop rep for 6 year term
Candidates for 2012 pres election PRI: Enrique Peña Nieto; former gov of Mex's most populous state PRD: López Obrador; came in second PAN: Vázquez Mota; unpopular b/c of drug war associated with PAN, came in third
challenges for PAN worst presidential showing since 1988
challenges for PRD strong overall showing, but very fractious party; tensions between moderate wing and more radical groups surrounding López Obrador
why did PRI win? national party until PAN or PRD; avoided fragmentation unlike competition; identification w/PRI grew when PAN became unpopular b/c drug violence
challenges for PRI diminish drug trafficking related violence; follow through on promise to provide effective government to address serious economic problems; victory doesn't represent return of 'old PRI'
Created by: seniors14