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World Politics

Frieden/Lake/Schultz World Politics Ch. 12

TermDefinition
Human Rights The rights possessed by all individuals by virtue of being human, regardless of their status as citizens of particular states or members of groups/organizations
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) Adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948, defines a "common standard of achievement for all people" and forms the foundation of modern human rights law.
Int'l Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) Agreement completed in 1966 and in force from 1976 that details the basic civil/political rights of most individuals and nations
Intl'l Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) Agreement completed in 1966 and in effect from 1976 that details the basic economic, social, and cultural rights of most individuals and nations.
International Bill of Rights Collectively: the UDHR, ICCPR, and ICESCR. These three combined form the core of the international human rights regime.
Nonderogable rights Rights that cannot be suspended for any reason, including times of public emergency.
Prisoners of Conscience (POC's) A label coined and used by the human rights organization Amnesty International to refer to individuals imprisoned solely because of the peaceful expression of their beliefs.
Individual petition A right that permits individuals to petition appropriate international legal bodies directly if they believe a state has violated their rights.
International Criminal Court (ICC) A court of last resorts for human rights cases that possess jurisdiction only if the accused is a national of a state party, the crime took place on the territory of a state party, or the UNSC has referred the case to the prosecutor.
Created by: colbyc22