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BIOLOGY

RESPIRATION AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS TEST REVIEW

QuestionAnswer
What are the 3 stages of cellular respiration? glycolysis, Kreb's cycle, and electron transport
Give the correct sequence for the stages of respiration? glycolysis, Kreb's cycle, and electron transport
What gas is released during cellular respiration? oxygen
How many ATP molecules are produced from one molecule of glucose? 36
What is the equation for cellular respiration? C6H12O6 + 6O2------> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ENERGY
In respiration, energy is releasesed when what molecule is broken down glucose
What are the reactants of cellular respiration? glucose and oxygen
What are the reactants of photosynthesis? carbon dioxide, water, and light energy
What stage of respriation takes place in the cytoplasm of a cell? glycolysis
Glycolsis provides the cell with a net gain of how many ATPs? 2
How many ATPs are required to start glycolysis? 2
What are the products of glycolysis? NADH, ATP, pyruvic acid
What are the 2 types of electron carriers in cellular respiration? NAD and FAD
Where does Lactic Acid fermentation take place? muscle cells
What are the 2 main types of fermentation? alcoholic and lactic acid
Which fermentation process is involved in the beer, wine, and baking processing? alcoholic
What is the purpose of the fermentation pathways? to regenerate NAD allowing glycolysis to continue
If oxygen is availible, what will follow glycolysis? Kreb's cycle
What is the starting molecule for the Kreb's cycle? pyruvate
What are the products of the Kreb's cycle? carbon dioxide, FADH, NADH
In eukaryotes, the ETC takes place where? inner membrane of the mitochondria
What are the 2 high energy electron carriers of the electron transport system? NADH and FADH
The energy from the Electron Transport Chain is used to make what? ATP
An organism that makes their own food is called a what? autotroph
Organisms that CANNOT make their own food are called what? heterotrophs
Name the 3 parts of the ATP molecule. Adenine, ribose sugar, 3 phosphates
Between what part of the ATP molecule will a bond break and release energy? phosphates 2 and 3
What gas is released from photosynthesis? oxygen
How many molecules of carbon dioxide are needed to make one glucose during photosynthesis? 6
What do plants use to gather the sun's energy by absorbing light? pigments
What light does chlorophyll NOT absorb? green
What is a granum? a stack of thylakoid membranes
What is the gel like area surrounding the thylakoid membranes? stroma
Where are the pigment molecules and the Electron transport systems found in the chloroplasts? thylakoid membranes
What is another name for the light independent reactions of photosynthesis? the Calvin cycle
What are the products of the Calvin cycle? high energy sugars
Where does the Calvin cycle take place? the stroma
What are the products of the light reactions? NADPH, ATP, and oxygen
Created by: biobob