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Signs and Symptoms

Page 96 in Nursing Foundation

TermDefinition
Anorexia lack of appetite resulting in the inability to eat
Asthenia condition of debility, loss of strength and energy, and depleted vitality
Bradycardia steady myocardium contraction but less than 60 contractions (hypotension)
Constipation Difficulty in passing stools or an incomplete or infrequent passage of hard stools
Cyanosis Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by an increase of deoxygenated hemoglobin in the blood
Diaphoresis secretion of sweat profusely due to heat, elevated body temperature, and mental/emotional
Diarrhea Frequent passage of loose, liquid stools; generally results from increased motility in the colon
Ecchymosis Discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane (bruise)
Edema abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial
Erythema Redness or inflammation of the skin that results of dilation and congestion of superficial capillaries
Fever Elevated body temperatures above 98.6 F. (perexia)
Fetid pertaining to something that has a foul, putrid, or offensive odor (malodorous)
Inflammation protective response of the tissues of the body to irritation or injury
Jaundice Yellow tinge to the skin; usually indicates obstruction in the flow of bile from the liver
Lethargy state or quality of being indifferent, apathetic or sluggish
Nausea Sensation often leading to the urge to vomit
Orthopnea condition in which a patient has to sit or stand to breathe deeply or comfortably
Pain unpleasant sensation caused by noxious stimulation of sensory nerve ending
Pallor Unnatural paleness or absence of color to the skin
Pruritus A symptom of itching and an uncomfortable sensation leading to the urge to scratch
Purulent Drainage (pus) A creamy, viscous, pale yellow or yellow green exudate. Results from remains of liquified necrosis of tissue
Sallow Pertaining to unhealthy yellow color; more so of complexion of skin
Scleral icterus Color of Sclera is yellow. ***please note this is a type of jaundice***
Tachycardia Regular heart contraction but with a beat greater than 100 beats/min
Tachypnea Abnormally rapid rate of breathing
Vomit The expelling of contents of the stomach through the esophagus and out of the mouth ***Please note: quality of vomitus gives cues to underlying cause of vomit***
Created by: jbrudolf