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Nur-356 Exam 4

Exam 4 Meds

QuestionAnswer
What biphosphonates that prevent calcium resorption are used in the treatment of osteoporosis? Boniva and Fosamax
What calcitonin medications decrease serum calcium levels in the treatment of osteoporosis? FortiCAL and MilaCALcin
What monoclonal antibody is used in the treatment of osteoporosis? DenosuMAB
What anabolic drug is the only FDA approved drug that rebuilds bone? Teripartide (Forteo)
What PPIs are used to treat GERD? Prilosec and Nexium (-prazoles)
What H2-receptor blockers are used to treat GERD? Zantac and Pepsid (-itidines)
What triggers relax the lower esophageal sphincter? Chocolate, fatty foods, acidic foods, alcohol, caffeine, peppermint, cigarettes
What cytoprotective drugs are available when treating PUD? Misoprostol (Cytotec) and Sucralfate (Carafate)
What is a side effect of Magnesium hydroxide as an antacid treatment of PUD? Diarrhea
What is a side effect of Aluminum hydroxide as an antacid in the treatment of PUD? Constipation
What are the medications used in the triple therapy treatment of PUD that eradicate H. pylori? Omeprazole (PPI) and 2 antibiotics
What diuretics are used in the treatment of ascites related to cirrhosis? Spirinolactone (Aldactone) a potassium-sparing diuretic, and Furosemide (Lasix), that can cause hypokalemia
What medication is used in the management of hepatic encephalopathy? Lactulose (Cephulac) to reduce ammonia levels
What antibiotics are used to decrease ammoniagenic bacteria in the colon in the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy? Neomycin (aminoglycoside) and Metronidazole (Flagyl)
What medications are used to manage esophageal and gastric varices? PPIs and H2-receptor blockers as well as Propanolol (Inderal), a beta blocker, to put less pressure on varices
What medications are used to treat acute hemorrhage of esophageal and gastric varices? Sandostatin and Vasopressin (vasoconstrictors) and nitroglycerine (vasodilator) to offset the effects of the vasoconstrictors
What are the four enzymes implicated in the autodigestion of the pancreas in acute pancreatitis? Trypsinogen, elastase, phospholipase A and lipase
What antispasmodic is used in the treatment of acute pancreatitis? Dicyclomine (Bentyl)
What are two examples of pancreatic enzyme products (PEPs)? Creon and Zenpep
What aminosalicylates are used to treat IBD? Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)
What antimicrobials are used in the treatment of IBD? Metronidazole (Flagyl) and Ciprofloxaxin (Cipro)
What corticosteroid is used in the treatment of IBD? Prednisone
What immunosuppressants are used in the treatment of IBD? Cyclosporine and azathioprine (Imuran)
What biologic therapy is used in the treatment of IBD? Infliximab (Remicade)
What antidiarrheals are used in the treatment of IBD? Diphenoxylate with atropine (Lomotil) and Loperamide (Imodium)
What hematinics and vitamins are used in the treatment of IBD? Ferrous sulfate (iron deficiency), cobalamin (B-12), folate (B-9)
Created by: ssbourbon