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Fractures

QuestionAnswer
Two classifications of fractures closed or compound (open)
Bone is exposed to the outside of skin open fracture
bone is protected by uninjured skin closed fracture
Fracture that occurs because bones weakened (usually in older women) osteoporotic fracture (wrists, hip and pelvis most common)
Bones compress upon themselves, usually in spine, often from high impact and usually in elderly compression fracture
ligaments/tendons pull small fragment of bone off, usually in hands, ankles and knees avulsion fracture
a partial break and bend in bone, only in children green stick fracture
simple break, clean across transverse fracture
break at an angle across bone, might not require setting, painful if setting required (sometimes misdiagnosed as spiral) oblique fracture
sharp, triangular bone ends from fall in a twisting motion (sometimes misdiagnosed as oblique) spiral fracture
bones break in many places, usually from high energy trauma, can shorten length of the bone because of crushing effect comminuted fracture
Created by: mathgirl7