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Ch. 14

ABA 341 - safmeds

Behavioral Contrast The phenomenon in which a change in one component of a multiple schedule that increases or decreases the rate of responding on that component is accompanied by a change in the response rate in the
opposite direction on the other, unaltered component of the schedule.
Conditioned Punisher A perviously neutral stimulus change that functions as a punisher because of prior pairing with one or more other punishers; sometimes called secondary or learned punshier.
Generalized Conditioned Punisher A stimulus change that as a result of having being paried with many other punishers, functions as punishment under most conditions because it is free from the control of motivating conditions for specific types of punishment
Negative Punishment A response behaviour is followed immediately by the removal of a stimulus (or decrease in the intensity of the stimulus),that decreases the future frequency of simular responses under similar conditions; sometimes called Type II punishment
Overcorrection A behaviour change tactic based on positive punishment in which, contingent on the problem behaviour, the learner is required to engage in effortful behavioural directly of logically related to fixing the damage caused by the bahaviour.
Forms of overcorrection are restitutional overcorrection and positive practice overcorrection.
Positive Practice Overcorrection A form of overcorrection in which, contigent on an occurence of the target behaviour, the learner is required to repeat a correct form of the behaviour, or a behaviour incompatible with the problem behaviour,
a specified number of times; entails an educative component
Positive Punishment A behaviour is followed immedately by the presentation of a stimulus that decreases the future frequency of the behaviour in similar conditions (Contrast Negative Reinforcement)
Punisher A stimulus change that decreases the future frequency of behaviour that immediately precedes it.
Punishment Occurs when stimulus change immediately follows a response and decreases the future frequency of that type of behaviour in similar conditions.
Response Blocking A procedure in which the therapist physically intervenes as soon as the learner begins to emit a problem behaviour to prevent completion of the targeted behaviour.
Restitutional Overcorrection A form of overcorrectionin which, comtingent on the problem behaviour, the learner is required to repair the damage or return the environment to its original state and then
in additional behavioural to bring the environment to a condition vastly better than it was in prior to the misbehaviour
Unconditioned Punisher A stimulus change that decreases the frequency of any behaviour that immediately precedes it irrespective of the organisms learning history with the stimulus. Unconditioned punishers are products of the evolutionary development of the species (phylogeny);
no prior learning is involved (eg: shock,loud noise,intense light, extreme temperatures, strong pressure against body)
Created by: Allison3000