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Codis generic term used to describe the FBI’s program of support for criminal justice DNA databases
RFLP a variation in the length of restriction fragments produced by a given restriction enzyme in a sample of DNA
Sticky Ends an end of a DNA double helix at which a few unpaired nucleotides of one strand extend beyond the other.
DNA Fingerprinting method of isolating and making images of sequences of DNA
Cleave Division of a cell
Restriction Enzyme an enzyme produced chiefly by certain bacteria, having the property of cleaving DNA molecules at or near a specific sequence of bases.
Exclusion two species that compete for the exact same resources cannot stably coexist
Hybridization the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids
VNTR A Variable Number Tandem Repeat is a location in a genome where a short nucleotide sequence is organized as a tandem repeat
Nucleotides compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate group. Nucleotides form the basic structural unit of nucleic acids such as DNA.
Gel Lanes shows separation of the components from the original mixture as one or more distinct bands
DNA Fragments the separation or breaking of DNA strands into pieces
Palindrome a sequence identical to its complementary strand
STR repeating sequences of 2-6 base pairs of DNA
Electric Field region around a charged particle or object within which a force would be exerted on other charged particles or objects.
Inclusion state of being included or being made a part of something
Microliter one millionth of a liter.
Human Genome the complete set of genetic information for humans
Blunt Cut
Buffer a solution that resists changes in pH when acid or alkali is added to it
Recombinant DNA DNA that has been formed artificially by combining constituents from different organisms.
DNA Polymerase the enzyme responsible for DNA replication
Gene unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring.
Digital Micropipette A pipette designed for the measurement of very small volumes.
Staggered Cut The cleavage of two opposite strands of duplex DNA at points near one another.
Agarose Gel a mathod of gel electrophoresis used to to separate a mixed population of DNA or proteins in a matrix of agarose.
Inconclusive something that did not produce clear results or that did not resolve a question or dispute
Fingerprint an impression or mark made on a surface by a person's fingertip, esp. as used for identifying individuals from the unique pattern of whorls and lines.
Luminol versatile chemical that exhibits chemiluminescence, with a striking blue glow, when mixed with an appropriate oxidizing agent
PCR is a phosphorylated creatine molecule that serves as a rapidly mobilizable reserve of high-energy phosphates in skeletal muscle and the brain.
Restriction Site the specific sites at which a restriction enzyme will cleave DNA
Gel Electrophoresis is a method for separation and analysis of macromolecules and their fragments
Evidence the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid.
Created by: KatynnaT