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Musculoskeletal Sys.

Chapter 21; The Musculoskeletal System

TermDefinition
Abduction moving a body part away from the midline of the body
Adduction moving a body part toward the midline of the body
Amputation the surgical removal of an extremity
Arthritis a general term that refers to inflammation of the joints
Bones rigid connective tissues that make up the skeleton, lend support to body structures, allow the body to move, and protect the organs.
Bursitis a condition in which the bursae become inflamed and painful
Cartilage the protective substance that covers the ends of bones and makes up the discs that are found between vertebrae
Flexion bending a body part
Fracture a broken bone
Joints the points where two bones meet; provide movement and flexibility
Ligaments strong bands of fibrous connective tissue that connect bones or cartilage and support the joints and joint movement
Muscles groups of tissues that contract and relax, allowing motion, supporting the body, protecting organs, and creating heat
Osteoporosis a condition in which the bones become brittle and weak; may be due to age, lack of hormones, not enough calcium in bones, or lack of exercise
Phantom Limb Pain pain in a limb (or extremity) that has been amputated
Prosthesis an artificial device that replaces a body part, such as an eye, hip, arm, leg, tooth, or heart valve; helps improve function
Rheumatoid Arthritis a type of arthritis in which joints become red, swollen, and very painful; movement is restricted and deformities of the hands are common
Sling a bandage or piece of material that is suspended from the neck for the purpose of holding and supporting a forearm
Tendons tough fibrous bands that connect muscle to bone
Total Hip Replacement a surgical replacement of the head of the femur (long bone of the leg) and the socket it fits into where it joins the hip with artificial materials
Total Knee Replacement a surgical replacement of a damaged or painful knee with artificial materials
Bursae tiny sacs of fluid that are located near joints and help reduce friction
Muscular Dystrophy an inherited, progressive disease that causes a gradual wasting of muscle, weakness, and deformity
Traction a method of treating fractures by keeping bones in the proper position
R.I.C.E. steps to be taken immedicately to reduce pain, swelling, and further injuery; acronym that stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation
Elastic Bandages also called non-sterile or self-adhering bandages, are stretchy bandages that are wrapped around an injured body part
Created by: Bubblefan123