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What is the atmosphere? The atmosphere is the mixture of gas that surrounds a planet or moon.
What is the atmosphere mostly made up of? ( most abundant gas ) Nitrogen
Must water in the atmosphere exists as _____ _____. Water vapor.
What is air pressure? Air pressure is the measure of the force with which air molecules push on a surface.
Name 5 layers of the atmosphere from lowest to highest. Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermalsphere.
Name two facts about the troposphere. It is the lowest layer of the atmosphere, and it contains almost all of the Earth's carbon dioxide, water vapor, clouds, air pollution, weather and life form
Name one fact about the stratosphere. The lower stratosphere is freezing cold.
Name two facts about the mesosphere. The mesosphere is the middle layer of the atmosphere. The temperature can be as low as -93°c at the top.
Name two facts about the thermosphere. The temperature there can be more than 1,000°C! Thermal energy is release there.
Name one facts about the ionosphere. It is home to the Auroras.
Name the three types of atmosphere heating. Convection, conduction, and radiation.
What is radiation and give one example. Radiation is the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves. Heat from a fire.
What is conduction and give one example. Conduction is the transfer of energy as heat through a material. Touching a stove and being burned.
What is convection and give one example. Convection is the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas. A radiator.
Know the definition of greenhouse effect. Greenhouse effect is the warming of the surface and lower atmosphere of Earth that occurs when water vapor, carbon dioxide, and other gases absorb and reradiate thermal energy.
The balance between incoming energy and outgoing energy is known as the _________ _______. Radiational balance
Know the definition of global warming. Global warming is a gradual increase in average global temperature.
Wind is the movement of ___. Air
Air ______ at the equator because it is _______ and _______ at the poles because it is _____________. Air pressure at the equator because it is colder and denser at the poles because it is cold.
Pressure belts are found every __________ degrees. 30°
Know the definition of Coriolis effects. the apparent curving of the path of a moving object from an otherwise straight path due to Earth's rotation
Be able to tell me one type of global wind and one fact about it. Westerlies- flow from west to east
___ _______ is a narrow belt of strong wind that blow in the upper troposphere. Jet stream
Know the definition of air pollution. the contamination of the atmosphere by the introduction of pollutants from human and natural sources
Primary pollutants are put ....... an example. In human or natural activity. Ex. vehicle exhaust.
Secondary pollutants from when primary pollutants ........ example. When primary pollutants react with other primary pollutants. Ex. Smog
What is acid precipitation? rain, sleet, or snow that contains a high concentration of acid
A rapid change in a body of water's acidity is called ____ _____. Acid shock
Name one short term effect of air pollution and one long term effect. Vehicle exhaust, and volcanic ash.
The ___ _______ __________ is used to provide the public with daily air quality information. Air Quality Agreement
Created by: Christian_reyes