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WG Ch. 9 vocab.

pampas grassy plains in the southeastern south america.
cay a small, low island or coral reef.
coral the rock like skeletons of tiny sea animals
tropical storm a storm with winds of at least 39 miles per hour.
hurricane a distructive tropical storm that forms over the Atlantic Ocean, usually in late summer and early fall, with winds of at least 74 mph.
El Niǹo a warm ocean current off the south America's northwestern coast that influences global weather patterns.
canopy the uppermost layer of a forest where tree branches meet.
mastizo a person of mixed European and Native American heritage.
mulatto a person of mixed African and Eurpean ancestry.
conquistador name for the spanish explores who claimed land in the americas for Spain.
cultural convergence the contact and interaction of one culture with another.
caudillo a Latin american military dictator
volcanoes A mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are or have been erupted from the earth's crust
rainforests A large forest that stays warm and wet year round with many different kinds of animals and plants
deserts A dry, barren area of land, esp. one covered with sand, that is characteristically desolate, waterless, and without vegetation
region An area or division, esp. part of a country or the world having definable characteristics but not always fixed boundaries
isthmus A narrow strip of land with sea on either side, forming a link between two larger areas of land
landmasses large continuous extent of land
volcanic islands An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.
plateaus An area of relatively level high ground
basin A natural depression on the earth's surface, typically containing water
climates The weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period
temperate free from extremes; mild; or characteristic of such weather or climate; "a temperate region"; "the temperate zones"; "temperate plants"
aird hot,dry
semiarid dry with little rain fall
tropical wet and dry a climate or climate zone that is hot all year with rainy and dry seasons.
ecosystem a community of all the living things in an area and the environment in which they live
cloud forest a type of high-altitude,tropical forest that is usually covered by clouds or mist.
broadleaf evergreen forest a vegetation zone of mainly tall trees that remain green all year.
desert scrub a vegetation zone of mainly small trees,bushes,and other plants adapted to a dry climate, also refers to the type of vegetation in this zone.
tropical grasslands vegetaion or a vedetation zone of mainly grasses and scattered trees adapted to a tropical wet and dry climate
vegetation zone a large area of Earth with a certain mix of plants and trees that are adapted to similar conditions
forest floor the bottom layer or ground of a forest
temperate grasslands vegataion or a vegetation zone of mainly grasses and scattered trees adapted to a tropical wet and dry zone
empire a group of territories, peoples,or nations ruled by a single authority
dictators a leader who governs by force without the consent of the people
urban found or living in a city
natural resources a useful material that is found in mature such as water wood coal or oil
economic activities any action that relates to the making, buying and selling of goods and services
livestock raising raising animals for food,milk wool or other products
subsistence farming farming carried out mainly to provide food for farm families,with little surplus for sale to others
barter conducting trade by exchanging goods or services instead of money
hydroelectric power electricity that is generated from the power of moving water
commercial farming raising crops for sale, often on large farms
plantations a large farm,especially in a hot area
forestry the planting, growing, and harvesting of trees
tourism travel for pleasure rather then business or necessity
Created by: fritts3



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