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Vocabulary Ecosystem

Organism Any individual living thing
Ecosystem All the living and nonliving things in an area that interact with each other
biotic All of the living parts of an ecosystem
abiotic All of the nonliving parts of an ecosystem
Consumer An organism that eats other living things to get energy;  an organism that does not produce its own food
producer An organism that makes its own food; an organism that does not consume other plants or animals decomposer
decomposer Organisms which carry out the process of decomposition by breaking down dead or decaying organisms
Community A group of different populations that live together and interact in an  environment
population A group of organisms of the same species that share a habitat and can breed with each other
Habitat The location in which an organism lives
interdependence The way in which living organisms depend on each other to remain alive, grow, and reproduce
food chain A path of energy that flows from one organism to the next (it flows from the sun to the producers to the primary consumers, then to the secondary consumers, to the tertiary consumers.)
food web A diagram of several connected food chains
niche he role that an organism plays in the habitat and lifestyle of a population
 limiting factors A resource or environmental factor that limits the size of a population. (the amount of water limits the amount of animals that can live there)
secondary consumer an organism that eats the primary consumer
herbivore an organism that only eats plants
carnivore an organism that only eats meat
omnivore an organism that eats both plants and meat
adaptation The process by which the characteristics of a species change over many generations in response to the environment
predator An organism, usually an animal, that kills another organism for food
prey An organism that is hunted and eaten by another organism
photosynthesis he process in which plants and some other organisms use the energy in sunlight to make food
chlorophyll a green pigment that traps energy from the sun
symbiosis The relationship between two organisms or species that live together in an environment
host An organism that is infected by a parasite
parasite An organism that lives in or on another organism (the host) and obtains nourishment from the host but provide nothing back to that host
environment All the living and nonliving things that surround an organism
resource A naturally material in or on Earth’s crust or atmosphere of potential use to humans
Created by: Crusher07