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Chapter 9 Vocabulary

term definition

conquistadors conquerors
cultural convergence merging of cultures
caudillos local military rulers
pampas grassy plains in the southeastern South America
cays underground mountains formed over thousands of years from the accumulation of coral.
coral the skeletons of tiny sea animals.
tropical storms storms that form when storms move west and pick up speed. The winds are atleast 39 miles per hour.
hurricanes tropical storms that gain more power, with winds of atleast 74 miles per hour.
El Nino An ocean current that about every three years warms the Pacific waters off the coast of Peru.
canopy the uppermost layer of a rainforest where tree branches meet.
mestizo people of both Native American and European descent.
mulattoes people whose ancestry is African and European.
volcanoes a break in the Earth's crust where magma and other material erupts from Earth's interior.
rainforests a type of thick green forest found in areas of heavy rainfall.
deserts a geographic region with too little rainfall to support much plant life.
region an area defined by one or more natural or cultural characteristics that set it apart from other areas.
Volcanic islands islands formed when an underwater volcano builds up enough lava and ash to rise above sea level.
plateaus a raised area of land, such as a hill or mountain, with a flat top
basin a bowl-shaped depression, or hollow, in Earth's surface.
isthmus a narrow strip of land that links two larger landmasses.
landmasses very large unbroken area of land
climates patterns of weather overe a long period of time
temperate moderate or mild, without extremes of hot or cold.
arid dry or lacking rainfall, also a climate that is dry all year long with little rain
semiarid dry with little rainfall
tropical wet and dry a climate or climate zone that is hot all year with rainy and dry seasons.
ecosystem a community of all living things in an area and the environment in which they live in
cloud forest high mountain forests where temperatures are cool and a fog or mist keeps the vegitation moist all the time
hurricanes a storm with violent wind, in particular a tropical cyclone in the caribbean
tropical wet climates that are close to the equator, heavy rains, warm and ussually humid
highlands an area of high or mountainous land
broadleaf evergreen forest Most tropical jungles are comprised of broadleaf evergreen trees. This contrasts with the evergreen forests of cooler climates in which the trees bear needles.
desert scrub Deserts and xeric shrublands is a biome characterized by, relating to, or requiring only a small amount of moisture.
tropical grasslands
vegitation zone
forest floor
temperate grasslands
natural recources
economic activities
livestock raising
subsistence farming
commercial farming
hydro-electric power
Created by: paigematlack