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Chapter 8

Chapter 8 - Motivation and Emotion

WordDefinition
androgen Male sex hormones secreted by the testes
anorexia nervosa A severe eating disorder in which people may refuse to eat, while denying that their behavior and appearance—which can become skeletonlike—are unusual
arousal approaches to motivation The belief that we try to maintain a certain level of stimulation and activity, increasing or reducing them as necessary
arousal approaches to motivation The belief that we try to maintain a certain level of stimulation and activity, increasing or reducing them as necessary
bisexuals Persons who are sexually attracted to people of the same and the opposite sex
bulimia A disorder in which a person binges on incredibly large quantities of food
Cannon-Bard theory of emotion The belief that both physiological and emotional arousal are produced simultaneously by the same nerve stimulus
cognitive approaches of motivation The theory suggesting that motivation is a product of people's
double standard The view that premarital sex is permissible for males but not for females
drive-reduction approaches to motivation A theory suggesting that when people lack some basic biological requirement such as water, a drive to obtain that requirement (in this case, the thirst drive) is produced
drive Motivational tension, or arousal, that energizes behavior in order to fulfill some need
emotions Feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements and that influence behavior
estrogens Class of female sex hormones
extramarital sex Sexual activity between a married person and someone who is not his or her spouse
heterosexuality Sexual attraction and behavior directed to the opposite sex
homeostasis The body's tendency to maintain a steady internal state
homosexuals Persons who are sexually attracted to members of their own sex
incentive approaches to motivation The theory suggesting that motivation stems from the desire to obtain valued external goals, or incentives
James-Lange theory of emotion The belief that emotional experience is a reaction to bodily events occurring as a result of an external situation ("I feel sad because I am crying")
masturbation Sexual self-stimulation
metabolism The rate at which food is converted to energy and expended by the body
motivation The factors that direct and energize the behavior of humans and other organisms
need for affiliation An interest in establishing and maintaining relationships with other people
need for power A tendency to seek impact, control, or influence over others, andto be seen as a powerful individual
obesity The state of being more than 20percent above the average weight for a person of a given height
ovulation The point at which an egg is released from the ovaries
progesterone Female sex hormone
Schachter-Singer theory of emotion The belief that emotions are determined jointly by a nonspecific kind of physiological arousal and its interpretation, based on environmental cues
self-actualization A state of self- fulfillment in which people realize their highest potential in their own unique way
weight set point The particular level of weight that the body strives to maintain
need for achievement A stable, learned characteristic in which satisfaction is obtained by striving for and attaining a level of excellence
instincts Inborn patterns of behavior that are biologically determined rather than learned
Created by: ubbridge