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18.1 & 18.2

ecology the study of the relationships of organisms with one another and with their environment
Biotic living factors. includes anything alive in the enviroment
abiotic nonliving factors. abiotic factors include water , soil, light, and temperature
organism 1 single living thing
population a group of individuals of the same species that live together interact in an area
communities all the different types of species organism within the community and the abiotic environment
ecosystems include the different types of organism swithin the community and the abiotic environment
biosphere the part of the Earth where life exists. The biosphere extends from the deepest parts of the ocean to high up in the air
producers use sunlight directly to make food. They do this through the process of photosynthesis
consumers eat other organisms to get energy
herbivore eta plants
carnivore eat animals
omnivore eat both plants and animals
scavenger eat dead animals
decomposers break down dead organisms. They are nature's recyclers,fungus, and bacteria
food chain a diagram that shows how energy in food flows from one organism to another
food web a diagram that shows the food relationship between organisms in an ecosystems
energy pyramid triangular diagram that shows an ecosystem's loss of energy, which results as energy passes through the ecosystem's food chain
Created by: Jennaf713