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Hist&Lit test 2

2nd test in H&L 2

QuestionAnswer
Europe in the 17th Century had private and public patronage
patronage investors financed opera houses; increased demand for sheet music, instruments, and lessons
private patronage Italian nobles and the church hired the best and most innovative composers; France-king supported music
public patronage tickets & subscriptions; 1st of many public opera houses opened in Venice in 1637; public concerts began in England 1672
Baroque abnormal, exaggerated, in bad taste; derives from the Portuguese word for misshapen pearl; applied as a derisive term by post-Baroque critics (overly ornate art of the late baroque); now applied to music from 1600-1750 without a derisive connotation
the affections emotional states of the soul; believed that spirits of "humors" in the body harbored emotions for every emotion stimulating the senses, there is a specific emotion evoked in the soul; music could bring humors to better balance
how can music bring humors to better balance contrasting sections that depicted different moods helped balance the humors; instrumental music portrayed emotions greatly; vocal music conveyed the emotions of the text, character, or dramatic situation
prima practica 1st practice; counterpoint rules could not be violated; dissonances had to be carefully controlled and restricted
seconda practica 2nd practice; believed counterpoint rules could be broken for dramatic effect; big controversy; music had to serve the text
who is an example of prima practica Palestrina
who is an example of seconda practica Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)
Cruda Amarilli Claudio Monteverdi's madrigal that uses unprepared dissonances to express words such as cruda ("cruel") and "ahi" (alas); an example of seconda practica
Created by: 530848841