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Latin GCSE vocab higher tier ocr full list plus words from reference book

a, ab (+abl.) by, from
absum, abesse, afui to be away, to be absent
ac/atque and
accidere to happen
accipere, -ere, accepi, acceptus to receive, accept
ad (+acc) to, towards, at
adeo so much, to such an extent
adsum, adesse, adfui to be here, to be present
advenire to arrive
aedificare to build
ager field
ago, agere, egi, actus do, act
alius, alia, aliud other, another
alii....alii some... others
alter, altera, alterum the other (of two)
altus high, deep
amare to love
amor love
ambulare to walk
amicus friend
ancilla slave girl
animus spirit, soul, mind
annus year
ante (+acc) before, in front of
antea (adv.) before, beforehand
apparere to appear
appropinquare (+dat.) to approach
apud (+acc.) among, with, at the house of
aqua water
arma (neut. pl) arms, weapons
ars, artis art, skill
ascendere to climb, go up
audax, audacis bold, daring
audeo, audere, ausus sum (semi-depon. vb.) to dare
audio, audiere, audivi, auditus to hear, listen
aufero, auferre, abstuli, ablatus to take away
autem however
auxilium (n.) help
bellum (n.) war
bellum gerere to wage war, campaign
bene (adv.) well
benignus kind
bibere to drink
bonus good
brevis short, brief
cado, cadere, cecidi, casus to fall
caelum (n.) sky, heaven
canis dog
capio, capere, cepi, captus to take, to capture
captivus captive, prisoner
caput, capitis (n.) head
castra (neut. pl.) camp
celare to hide
celer quick, fast
celeriter quickly
quam celerrime as quickly as possible
cena dinner
centum a hundred
ceteri the rest, the others
cibus food
circum (+acc) around
civis citizen
clamare to hout
clamor shouting, noise
clarus famous; clear
coepisse to have begun
cogitare to think, consider
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus force, compel
cognosco, -ere, cognovi, cognitus to find out, discover
comes, comitis companion, comrade
conor, conari, conatus sum (depon. vb.) to try
conatus having tried
conficere to finish; wear out
consilium (n.) plan, idea, advice
conspicio, -ere, conspexi, conspectus to catch sight of
constituere (pf= constitui) to decide
consul consul
consumere to eat
contra (+acc) against
convenire to gather, meet
copiae forces, troops
corpuss, corporis (n.) body
cras tomorrow
credo, -ere, credidi, (+dat.) to trust, believe
crudelis cruel
cum when, since
cum (+abl) with
cupio, cupere, cupivi to long for, desire
cur? why?
cura care, worry
curro, currere, cucurri, cursus to run
custodere to guard
custos, custodis guard
de (+abl.) about, concerning, down from
dea goddess
debere to owe; ought, must
decem ten
deinde then, next
delere to destroy
descendere to go down, come down
deus god
dico, dicere, dixi, dictus say, speak
dies day
difficilis difficult
diligens careful
dirus dreadful
discedere (pf. = discessi) to depart, leave
diu for a long time
do, dare, dedi, datus to give
docere to teach
domina mistress
dominus master
domus home
domi at home
donum (n.) gift
dormire to sleep
duco, ducere, duxi, ductus to lead, take
dum while, until
duo two
dux, ducis leader
e, ex (+abl.) from, out of
ecce! look!
effugere to escape
ego I
mecum with me
egredior, egredi, egressus sum (depon. vb.) to go out
egressus having gone out
emo, emere, emi, emptus to buy
enim for
eo, ire, ii (or ivi), itum to go
epistula letter
equus horse
et and
et...et both...and
etiam even, also
exercitus army
exspectare to wait for
facio, facere, feci, factus to make, to do
facilis easy
faveo, -ere, favi, fautus (+dat.) to favour, support
felix, felicis fortunate, happy
femina woman
fero, ferre, tuli, latus to bring, carry, bear
ferox, ferocis fierce, ferocious
festinare to hurry
fidelis faithful, loyal
filia daughter
filius son
flumen, fluminis (n.) river
forte by chance
fortis brave
forum (n.) forum, market-place
frango, frangere, fregi, fractus to break
frater, fratris brother
frustra in vain
fugere to run away, to flee
gaudeo, -ere, gavisus sum (semi-depon. vb.) to be pleased, to rejoice
gaudium (n.) joy, pleasure
gens, gentis family, tribe, race, people
gladius sword
gravis heavy, serious
habere to have
habitare to live
heri yesterday
hic, haec, hoc (pronoun) this, these
hic (adv.) here
hodie today
homo, hominis man, person
hora hour
hortor, hortari, hortatus sum (depon. vb.) to encourage, urge
hortatus having encouraged
hortus garden
hostis enemy
iaceo, iacere, iacui to lie
iacio, iacere, ieci, iactus to throw
deicio throw down
eicio throw out
inicio throw in
iam now, already
ianua door
ibi there
idem, eadem, idem the same
igitur therefore
ille, illa, illud that, those; he, she, it
imperare (+dat) to order, command
imperator emperor, commander
imperium (n.) power; empire; a command
in (+acc.) into, onto
in (+abl.) in, on
incendere to burn
infelix unlucky, unhappy
ingens, ingentis huge
ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum (depon. vb.) to enter
ingressus having entered
inimicus enemy
inquit says, aid
insula island; block of flats
intellego, -ere, intellexi to understand, realise
inter (+acc) among, between
interea meanwhile
interficere to kill
intrare to enter
invenire to find
invitare to invite
ipse himself, herself, myself, themselves, etc.
ira anger
iratus angry
eo, ire, ivi (or ii) to go
is, ea, id he, she, it
ita in this way
itaque and so
iter, itineris (n.) journey
iterum again
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus to order
iuvenis young man
labor, laboris work
laborare to work
lacrimare to cry
laetus happy, glad
laudare to praise
lego, legere, legi, lectus to read; to choose
legio, legionis legion
lente slowly
leo, leonis lion
libenter gladly, willingly
liber, libri book
liberi children
liberare to set free
libertus freedman, ex-slave
locus place
longus long
loquor, loqui, locutus sum (depon. vb.) to speak
locutus having spoken
lux, lucis light, daylight
prima luce at dawn
magis more
magnopere greatly
magnus big, large, great
maior bigger, larger, greater
malo, malle, malui to prefer
malus bad, evil
maneo, -ere, mansi to stay, remain
manus hand; a group of people
mare (n.) sea
maritus husband
mater, matris mother
maximus very big, very large, greatest
maxime very greatly
medius middle
melior better
mercator merchant
meus my, mine
miles, militis soldier
mille a thousand
milia thousands
minimus very small, smallest
minime no!, least, very little
minor smaller
minus less
miror, mirari, miratus sum (depon. vb.) to wonder at, admire
miser wretched, unhappy
mitto, mittere, misi, missum to send
modus manner, way, kind
moneo, -ere, monui, monitus to warm, advise
mons, montis mountain
morior, mori, mortuus sum (depon. vb.) to die
mortuus having died, dead
mors, mortis death
moveo, -ere, movi, motus to move
mox soon
multo much
multus, multi much, many
murus wall
nam for
narrare to tell, relate
nauta sailor
navigare to sail
navis ship
ne that (after verbs of fearing); so that... not (introducing a negative purpose clause
-ne? (introducing a question)
nec/neque and...not
nec/neque...nec neither... nor
necare to kill
nemo, neminis no one, noboday
nescio I do not know
nihil nothing
nisi unless, except
nolo, nolle, nolui to not want, be unwilling
noli, nolite don't!
nomen, nominis (n.) name
non not
nonne? surely?
nonnulli some, several
nos we, us
noster our
novem nine
novus new
nox, noctis night
nullus not any, no
num whether
num? surely... not
numquam never
nunc now
nuntiare to announce
nuntius messenger; message, news
occido, -ere, occisi, occisus to kill
octo 8
offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatus to offer
olim, once, some time ago
omnis all, every
opprimo, -ere, oppressi, oppressus crush, overwhelm
oppugnare to attack
optimus very good, excellent, best
orare to beg
ostendere to show
paene nearly, almost
parare to prepare
paratus ready, prepared
pars, partis part
parvus small
pater, patris father
patior, pati, passus sum (depon. vb.) to suffer, endure
passus having suffered
patria country, homeland
pauci few
paulum a little, slightly
pax, pacis peace
pecunia money
pello, -ere, pepuli, pulsus to drive
per (+acc.) through, along
pereo, perire, perii to die, perish
periculum danger
persuadere (+dat) to persuade
perterritus terrified
pervenire to reach, arrive at
pes, pedis foot, paw
pessimus very bad, worst
petere to make for; seek, ask for, beg
plenus full
plurimi very many, most
plus more
poena punishment
poenas dare to pay the penalty, to be punished
pono, ponere, posui, positus to put (up), place
porta gate
portare to carry
portus port, harbour
possum, posse, potui to be able
post (+acc) after, behind
postea afterwards
postquam after
postridie on the next day
praeminum (n.) prize, reward, profit
precor, precari, precatus sum (depon. vb.) pray (to); beg
precatus having prayed
primo at first
primus first
princeps, principis emperor; chief
pro (+abl) in front of, for, in return for
procedo, proficisci, profectus sum (depon. vb.) to set out
profectus having set out
progredior, progredi, progressus sum (depon. vb.) to advance, go forward
progressus having advanced
promittere to promise
prope (+acc) near
propter (+acc) on account of, because of
proximus nearest, next to, last
puella girl
puer boy
pugnare to fight
pulcher beautiful
punire to punish
putare to think
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus to search for, look for, ask
qualis what sort of
quam (1) how
quam fortis es how brave you are!
quam (2) than
quam celerrime as quickly as possible
quamquam although
quando? when?
quantus? how big?, how much?
quattuor 4
-que and
pueri puellaeque boys and girls
qui, quae, quod who, which
quidam, quaedam, quoddam one, a certain
quinque 5
quis? quid? who? which?
quo? where to?
quomodo? how?
quod because
quoque also
quot? how many?
rapio, rapere, rapui, raptus to seize, grab
re- (prefix used with verbs) back
reddo, -ere, reddidi, redditus to give back
redeo, redire, redii to return, come back
refero, referre, rettuli, relatus to bring back; to report, tell
regina queen
regnum (n.) kingdom
rego, regere, rexi, rectus to rule
regredior, regredi, regressus sum (depon. vb.) to return
regressus having returned
relinquere to leave behind
res (acc = rem) thing, matter, business, event
resisto, resistere, restiti (+dat) to resist
respondere to reply
rex, regis king
rideo, ridere, risi to laugh, smile
rogare to ask (for)
Roma Rome
Romae in/at Rome
Romanus Roman
rumpo, rumpere, rupi, ruptus break, burst
sacer sacred
saepe often
saevus savage, cruel
salutare to greet
salve!/ salvete! hello!
sanguis, sanguinis blood
sapiens, sapientis wise
satis enough
scelestus wicked
scelus, sceleris (n.) crime
scire to know
scribere to write
se himself, herself, themselves
sed but
sedere to it
semper always
senator senator
senex, senis old man
sentio, sequi, secutus sum (depon. vb.) to follow
secutus having followed
servare to save, protect, keep
servus slave
severus severe, strict
sex 6
si if
sic in this way, thus
signum (n.) sign, signal, seal, standard
silva wood, forest
simul at the same time
simulac/simulatque as soon as
sine (+abl) without
soleo, solere, solitus sum (semi-depon. vb.) to be accustomed
solus alone, only, on one's own
spectare to watch, look at
sperare to hope
spes hope
statim at once, immediately
sto, stare, steti to stand
stultus stupid, foolish
sub (+acc/abl) under, beneath
subito suddenly
sum, esse, fui to be
summus highest, greatest, top
superare to overcome, overpower, win
surgo, surgere, surrexi to rise, get up
suus his, her, their; his own, etc
taberna shop, inn
taceo, tacere, tacui, tacitus to be quiet, be silent
talis such
tam so
tamen however
tandem at last
tantus so great, such a great
tempestas, tempestatis storm
templum (n.) temple
tempus, temporis (n.) time
tenere to hold
terra ground, land
terreo, -ere, -ui, territus to frighten
timeo, -ere, -ui to fear, be afraid
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus raise, lift up, hold up
tot so many
totus whole
trado, tradere, tradidi, traditus to hand over
traho, trahere, traxi, tractus to drag, pull
trans (+acc) across
tres 3
tristis sad
tu you
tum then
turba crowd
tuus your, yours
ubi where?, when?
umquam ever
unde from where
unus 1
urbs, urbis city
ut +indic. as
ut +subj. that, so that, in order that
uxor wife
vale/valete goodbye
validus strong
vehementer violently, loudly
vendere to sell
venire to come
verbum (n.) word
vertere to turn
verus true, real
vester your (plural)
via road, street, way
victoria victory
video, videre, vidi, visus to see
videor, videri, visus sum (depon. vb.) to seem
videtur it seems
villa villa, house
vinco, -ere, vici, victus to win, defeat, conquer
vinum (n.) wine
vir man, husband
virtus, virtutis courage, virtue
vita life
vivo, vivere, vixi to live
vivus alive, living
vocare to call, summon
volo, velle, volui want
vos you
vox, vocis voice
vulnerare to wound
vulnus, vulneris (n.) wound
vultus face, expression
ancilla slave-girl, maid
aqua water
cena dinner, meal
cura care, worry
dea goddess (dat. or abl. pl. = deabus)
domina mistress
epistula letter
femina woman
filia daughter (dat. or abl. pl. = filiabus)
hora hour
ianua door
insula island; block of flats
ira anger
lacrima tear
nauta sailor (masc.)
pecunia money
poena punishment, penalty
porta gate
regina queen
Roma Rome
silva wood, forest
taberna shop, inn
terra ground, land
turba crowd
via street, road, way
villa house, villa
vita life
amicus friend
animus mind, spirit
annus year
cibus food
deus god
dominus master
equus horse
filius son (voc. sing. = fili)
gladius sword
hortus garden
humus ground
humi on the ground
legatus commander, legate
libertus freedman, ex-slave
locus place
maritus husband
modus manner, way, kind
murus wall
nuntius messenger; message, news
liber, libri book
liberi (pl. only) children
puer, pueri boy
vir, viri man, husband
bellum, belli war
auxilium help
caelum sky, heaven
castra (pl. only) camp
consilium plan; idea, advice
donum gift, present
ferrum iron; sword
forum market-place; forum
imperium empire; power; command
periculum danger
praemium prize, reward, profit
signum sign, signal; seal
templum temple
verbum word
vinum wine
vox, vocis (f.) voice
amor, amoris (m.) love
ars, artis (f.) art, skill
civis, civis (m.) citizen
clamor, clamoris (m.) shout; noise, uproar
comes, comitis (m.) comrade, companion
custos, custodis (m.) guard
dux, duciss (m.) leader
frater, fratris (m.) brother
homo, hominis (m.) man, human being
hostis, hostis (m.) enemy
imperator, imperatoris (m.) emperor; commander
iuvenis, iuvenis (m.) young man
labor, laboris (m.) work
legio, legionis (f.) legion
lux, lucis (f.) light, daylight
prima luce at dawn
mater, matris (f.) mother
miles, militis (m.) soldier
mons, montis (m.) mountain
mors, mortis (f.) death
navis, navis (f.) ship
nox, noctis (f.) night
pars, partis (f.) part
pater, patris (m.) father
pax, pacis (f.) peace
pes, pedis (m.) foot, paw
princeps, principis (m.) chief, chieftain; emperor
rex, regis (m.) king
sanguis, sanguinis (m.) blood
senator, senatoris (m.) senator
senex, senis (m.) old man
urbs, urbis (f.) city
uxor, uxoris (f.) wife
vox, vocis (f.) voice
nemo, neminis nobody, no-one
nomen, nominis name
caput, capitis head
corpus, corporis body
flumen, fluminis river
iter, itineris journey
mare, maris sea
mari by sea
tempus, temporis time
vulnus, vulneris wound
manus, manus (f.) hand; group of people
domus (f.) home
domi at home
portus (m.) port, harbour
vultus (m.) face, expression
dies, diei (m.) day
res, rei (f.) thing, matter, business
spes, spei (f.) hope
bonus, bona, bonum good
altus high, deep
carus dear
dirus dreadful
iratus angry
laetus happy
latus wide
longus long
magnus big, great, large
malus bad, evil
medius middle
meus my, mine
multus much, many
novus new
parvus small
pauci few
perterritu terrified
plenus full
primus first
proximus nearest, next to
quantus how big
Romanus Roman
saevus savage, cruel
severus severe, strict
stultus stupid, foolish
summus highest, greatest
tantus so great
verus true, real
vivus alive, living
ceteri the others, the rest
multa many things
alius, alia, aliud other, another
solus, sola, solum alone, lonely, only
nullus, nulla, nullum not any, no, none
totu, tota, totum whole
alii...alii some...others
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum beautiful, handsome
noster, nostra, nostru our
vester, vestra, vestrum your, yours (pl.)
sacer, sacra, sacrum sacred
miser, misera, miserum miserable, wretched, sad
alter,k altera, alterum the other, the 2nd of 2
alterius the other (gen. sing., all genders)
alteri the other (dat. sing., all genders)
omnis, omnis, omne all, every
brevi short, brief
brevi tempore in a short time
crudeli cruel
difficilis difficult
facilis easy
fidelis faithful, loyal
fortis brave
gravis heavy, serious
qualis what sort of
talis such
tristis sad
audax bold, daring
audacis bold, daring (gen. sing.)
celer (celeris) quick, fast
ferox (ferocis) ferocious, fierce
infelix (infelicis) unlucky, unhappy
ingens (ingentis)
altus high
altior higher, more hig
altissimus very high, highest
audax bold
audacior bolder, more bold
audacissimus very bold, boldest
miserrimus very miserable, most miserable
pulcherrimus very beautiful, most beautiful
facilis easy
facilior easier
facillimus very easy
difficilis difficult
difficilior more difficult
difficillimus very difficult
bonus good
melior better
optimus best
malus bad
peior worse
pessimus very bad
magnus big
maior bigger
maximus very big
parvus small
minor smaller
minimus very small
multus much
plus more
plurimus very much
multi many
plures more
plurimi very many
quam than
unus, una, unum 1
duo, duae, duo 2
tres, tres, tria 3
quattor 4
quinque 5
sex 6
septem 7
octo 8
novem 9
decem 10
centum 100
mille 1000
milia thousands
fortiter bravely
fortius more bravely
fortissime very bravely
celeriter quickly
facile easily
celerius more quickly
celerrime very quickly
audacter boldly
audacis more boldly
audacissime very boldly
bene well
melius better
optime very well
male badly
peius worse
pessime very badly
magnopere greatly
magis more greatly
maxime very greatly
multum much
plus more
plurimum very much
paulum little
minus less
minime very little
diu for a long time
diutius for a longer time
diutissime for a very long time
hic, haec, hoc this, these
Created by: b.f.k.