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Integumentary System

Chapter 18

TermDefinition
Integumentary System the system that consists of the following parts: the skin, hair, nails, oil glands, sweat glands, subcutaneous tissue, and nerve endings
Epidermis the outer layer of two main layers of tissue that make up the skin
Dermis the inner layer of the two main layers of tissue that make up the skin
Sebaceous Glands glands in skin that secrete oily, colorless, odorless fluid through hair follicles
Lesion an area of abnormal tissue or an injury or a wound
Decubitus lying down or a pressure ulcer
Subcutaneous the layer immediately underneath the dermis. It's the area of the body where the adipose tissue lies
Cyanosis blue or pale skin and/or mucous membranes due to decreased oxygen in the blood
Flushing a redness of the skin, typically over the cheeks or neck
Pallor an unnatural paleness or absence of color in the skin
Jaundice yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes or eyes
Melanin the substance that gives skin its color
Collagen fibers which make the skin tough
Dermatitis also called eczema, means inflammation of the skin
Shearing Injuries damage inflicted as tissue slides over other tissue
Macule a discolored spot on the skin that is not raised above the surface
Papule skin lesions that are raised, little round bumps on the skin
Pustule raised spots filled with pus
Vesicle small blisters that contain fluid
Excoriation a tearing or wearing away of the surface skin due to friction
Necrosis the death of living cells or tissues caused by disease or injury
Bruise a purple, black, or blue discoloration on the skin caused by the leakage of blood from broken blood vessels into the surrounding tissues; also called a contusion
Dermatologist a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders
Pressure Points areas of the body that bear much of its weight
Sweat Glands small tubular structures of the skin that produce sweat
Created by: Bubblefan123